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The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway, which regulates the activity of different transcriptions factors including NF-kappaB, is activated in lesional psoriatic skin. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of fumaric acid esters (FAEs) on the p38 MAPK and the downstream kinases mitogen- and stress-activated(More)
CTACK/CCL27 is pivotal in mediating the migration of lymphocytes into the skin, through the binding to the chemokine receptor CCR10. CCL27 is continuously expressed by keratinocytes, but highly upregulated in inflammatory skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis and psoriasis. CCL27 can be induced in cultured keratinocytes by tumor necrosis factor(More)
Alterations in specific signal transduction pathways may explain the increased expression of proinflammatory cytokines seen in inflammatory diseases such as psoriasis. We reveal increased TNF-alpha protein expression, but similar TNF-alpha mRNA levels, in lesional compared with nonlesional psoriatic skin, demonstrating for the first time that TNF-alpha(More)
The purpose of this study was to analyze the expression of the two proinflammatory cytokines IL-20 and IL-24 and their shared receptors in rheumatoid arthritis and spondyloarthropathy. IL-20 was increased in plasma of rheumatoid arthritis patients compared with osteoarthritis patients and IL-24 was increased in synovial fluid and plasma of rheumatoid(More)
BACKGROUND IL-24 (melanoma differentiation-associated gene-7 (mda-7)), a member of the IL-10 cytokine family, possesses the properties of a classical cytokine as well as tumor suppressor effects. The exact role of IL-24 in the immune system has not been defined but studies have indicated a role for IL-24 in inflammatory conditions such as psoriasis. The(More)
The collectin surfactant protein-D (SP-D) shows antimicrobial and immuno-regulatory properties and has recently been detected in the basal layers of normal human skin. This molecule potentially plays an important role in inflammatory skin diseases and therefore SP-D content and location was examined using immunohistochemistry on skin biopsies from patients(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin (IL)-20 and IL-19 are recently discovered members of the IL-10 family of cytokines. The skin of transgenic mice overexpressing IL-20 shows histological changes resembling some of those seen in psoriasis, i.e. thickened epidermis, hyperkeratosis and a compact stratum corneum. IL-19 and IL-20, as well as their receptor complexes,(More)
Mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase 1 (MSK1) is a downstream target of both the p38 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). MSK1 stimulates transcription of different pro-inflammatory genes through activation of transcription factors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) play a key role in differentiation, inflammation, migration, and survival of epidermal keratinocytes. The NF-kappaB has long been known to play pivotal roles in immune and inflammatory responses, and furthermore NF-kappaB has been implicated in the regulation of epidermal homeostasis. Recent studies have(More)
IL-20 is a novel member of the IL-10 cytokine family with pleiotropic effects. Current knowledge of what triggers and regulates IL-20 gene expression is sparse. The aim of this study was to investigate the regulation of IL-20 expression in cultured normal human keratinocytes. The expression of IL-20 was rapidly induced by proinflammatory stimuli, in(More)