Kristi Stafford

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Studies suggest that acute and chronic opioids can regulate the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) signaling pathway and that changes in this pathway may be involved in opioid tolerance. In the present study, we examined the role of cAMP-PKA on mu-opioid receptor downregulation and tolerance in mice. Mice were injected intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) and(More)
The present study examined the contribution of downregulation of mu-opioid receptors to opioid tolerance in an intact animal model. Mice were implanted subcutaneously with osmotic minipumps that infused etorphine (50-250 microg/kg/day) for 7 days. Other mice were implanted subcutaneously with a morphine pellet (25 mg) or a morphine pellet plus an osmotic(More)
In the present study, the contribution of pertussis toxin (PTX)-sensitive G(i/o)-proteins to opioid tolerance and mu-opioid receptor down-regulation in the mouse were examined. Mice were injected once intracerebroventricularly and intrathecally with PTX (0.1 microg/site). Controls were treated with saline. On the 10th day following PTX treatment, continuous(More)
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