Kristi M Kuper

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Inappropriate antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance persist across the healthcare continuum. Antimicrobial stewardship guidelines assist healthcare institutions in establishing antimicrobial stewardship programs but rely on infectious diseases expertise and leadership, which are not available in all settings. Despite this, many institutions have(More)
It has been more than 60 years since Alexander Fleming discovered the drug that came to be known as penicillin. Antibiotics are now one of the most frequently used medications in the United States and are prescribed by medical professionals in almost every specialty. The past decade has seen an alarming increase in the number of pathogens that are resistant(More)
Appropriate use of antimicrobials in health care continues to be a challenge. Reliable and reproducible antimicrobial susceptibility testing methods are necessary to provide the clinician with valuable information that can be translated into positive clinical outcomes at the bedside. However, there are nuances with these testing methods that, if(More)
PURPOSE The perioperative management of bariatric surgery patients is described. SUMMARY Obesity and anatomical changes create unique challenges for clinicians when caring for bariatric surgery patients. Common bariatric surgery procedures performed include Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, and adjustable gastric banding. Pain management in(More)
OBJECTIVE The relationship between antisocial behavior and somatization was studied in a sample of mothers of clinic-referred, school-age children. The goal was to overcome some of the methodological limitations of past research in this area and to provide a preliminary test of the theory that these disorders share a common substrate: a tendency toward(More)
BACKGROUND The echinocandin antifungals are recommended as initial therapy in hospitalized patients with candidemia. Contemporary usage rates and indication for use of echinocandins have not been studied in the United States. The purpose of this study was to evaluate echinocandin usage patterns in community and academic teaching hospitals over time and to(More)
PURPOSE To describe antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) of acute and long-term acute care (LTAC) hospitals in Houston, Texas. METHODS Two-part survey to clinical pharmacists and pharmacy directors. All acute care and LTAC facilities from the Harris County Medical Society database were invited to participate. RESULTS In part 1 of the telephone(More)
Rapid diagnostic technologies (RDTs) significantly reduce organism identification time and can augment antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP) activities. An electronic survey quantified familiarity with and utilization of RDTs by clinical pharmacists participating in ASPs. Familiarity was highest with polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Formal infectious(More)
Antifungal susceptibility testing is not as commonly performed as antibacterial susceptibility testing. The methodology for detecting antifungal resistance is newer and requires different testing supplies that may not be readily available in a clinical laboratory setting. Breakpoints for molds are lacking. Yeast breakpoints are available for most(More)
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