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Extracts of hawthorn (Crataegus oxycantha) have become popular herbal supplements for their well-recognized cardiotonic effects. Many commercial preparations have been used successfully in the treatment of congestive heart failure, although the active principles within these extracts have yet to be conclusively identified. Several hawthorn preparations were(More)
Phospholipase C-beta (PLC-beta) isozymes (EC 3.1.4.11) hydrolyze the membrane phospholipid phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate to generate intracellular second messenger signaling molecules inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol (DAG) in response to receptor activation and other cellular stimuli. PLCbeta1 and PLCbeta3 isozymes were(More)
Chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter transcription factor (COUP-TF)-interacting protein 2 (CTIP2), also known as Bcl11b, is a transcriptional repressor that functions by direct, sequence-specific DNA binding activity or by recruitment to the promoter template by interaction with COUP-TF family members. CTIP2 is essential for both T cell development and(More)
Adverse effects of anti-seizure/anti-epileptic medications on bone density have been observed and reported since the early 1960s. Phenytoin and carbamazepine are two commonly prescribed anti-epileptic drugs most frequently associated with osteomalacia including fractures, bone demineralization, and reduced bone formation. The mechanism by which(More)
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