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Young children's beliefs about the stability of traits: protective optimism?
Prior research has demonstrated individual differences in children's beliefs about the stability of traits, but this focus on individuals may have masked important developmental differences. In aExpand
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From ugly duckling to swan? Japanese and American beliefs about the stability and origins of traits.
Two studies compared the development of beliefs about the stability and origins of physical and psychological traits in Japan and the United States in three age groups: 5-6-year-olds, 8-10-year-olds,Expand
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A bump on a bump? Emerging intuitions concerning the relative difficulty of the sciences.
In 4 studies, the authors examined how intuitions about the relative difficulties of the sciences develop. In Study 1, familiar everyday phenomena in physics, chemistry, biology, psychology, andExpand
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Sensing the coherence of biology in contrast to psychology: young children's use of causal relations to distinguish two foundational domains.
To what extent do children understand that biological processes fall into 1 coherent domain unified by distinct causal principles? In Experiments 1 and 2 (N = 125) kindergartners are given triads ofExpand
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Overoptimism about future knowledge: Early arrogance?
Abstract Three studies explored whether young children (5–7 years) have more optimistic views of their future knowledge than older children (8–12 years) and adults. In Study 1, younger children wereExpand
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Children's Understanding of Uniformity in the Environment.
LOCKHART, KRISTI L.; ABRAHAMS, BARBARA; and OSHERSON, DANIEL N. Children's Understanding of Uniformity in the Environment. CHILD DEVELOPMENT, 1977, 48, 1521-1531. Children's ability to distinguishExpand
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What Could You Really Learn on Your Own?: Understanding the Epistemic Limitations of Knowledge Acquisition.
Three studies explored the abilities of 205 children (5-11 years) and 74 adults (18-72 years) to distinguish directly versus indirectly acquired information in a scenario where an individual grew upExpand
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“End-of-life” biases in moral evaluations of others
When evaluating the moral character of others, people show a strong bias to more heavily weigh behaviors at the end of an individual's life, even if those behaviors arise in light of anExpand
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A bias for the natural? Children's beliefs about traits acquired through effort, bribes, or medicine.
Three studies compared beliefs about natural and late blooming positive traits with those acquired through personal effort, extrinsic rewards or medicine. Young children (5-6 years), older childrenExpand
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Why Teach How Things Work? Tracking the Evolution of Children's Intuitions About Complexity
Mechanistic information can be characterized as the interacting causal components underlying a phenomenon in short, how something works. Children and adults are notoriously poor at learning,Expand
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