Kristi L. Marquardt

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A single nucleotide polymorphism in PTPN22 (R620W), which encodes the Lyp tyrosine phosphatase, has been linked to a number of autoimmune diseases including type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and systemic lupus erythematosus. Studies in PTPN22 knockout (KO) mice and in mice expressing the mouse homolog of the pro-autoimmune allele, PEP(R619W), have(More)
The T-cell repertoire available for immunotherapy of cancer is constrained by central and/or peripheral tolerance mechanisms. The majority of T cells with high avidity for self/tumor antigens are deleted in the thymus resulting in a T-cell repertoire in the periphery specific for self/tumor antigens that display a relatively low affinity. In addition, both(More)
Professional antigen-presenting cells (APCs) are capable of transporting self-antigens from peripheral tissues to secondary lymphoid organs where they are presented to potentially autoreactive CD8(+) T cells. In the absence of an inflammatory response, this results in immune tolerance. The presence of activated, antigen-specific CD4(+) T cells converts this(More)
A major challenge in tumor immunology is how best to activate the relatively low avidity self-specific and tumor-specific T cells that are available in the self-tolerant repertoire. To address this issue, we produced a TCR transgenic mouse expressing a class I-restricted hemagglutinin (HA)-specific TCR (clone 1 TCR) derived from a mouse that expressed HA as(More)
Because of mechanisms of self-tolerance, many tumor-specific CD8 T cells exhibit low avidity for tumor antigens and would benefit from strategies that enhance their numbers and effector function. Here we demonstrate that the combined use of two different types of immune adjuvants, one that directly targets the CD8 cell, IL-2/anti-IL-2 mAb complexes, and one(More)
An allelic variant of protein tyrosine phosphatase nonreceptor type 22 (PTPN22), PTPN22(R620W), is strongly associated with type 1 diabetes (T1D) in humans and increases the risk of T1D by two- to fourfold. The NOD mouse is a spontaneous T1D model that shares with humans many genetic pathways contributing to T1D. We hypothesized that the introduction of the(More)
Under noninflammatory conditions, both naive and central memory CD8 T cells can be eliminated in the periphery with either soluble peptide or cross-presented Ag. Here, we assess the tolerance susceptibility of tissue-resident memory CD8 T cells in mice to these two forms of tolerogen. Soluble peptide specifically eliminated the majority of memory CD8 cells(More)
A single nucleotide polymorphism in PTPN22 is linked to increased disease susceptibility in a range of autoimmune diseases including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). PTPN22 encodes the Lyp phosphatase that dampens TCR signaling and is necessary for signaling downstream of toll-like receptors in myeloid cells. To understand these dual functions in(More)
Secreted microvesicles (MVs) are potent inflammatory triggers that stimulate autoreactive B and T cells, causing Type 1 Diabetes in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice. Proteomic analysis of purified MVs released from islet cells detected the presence of endogenous retrovirus (ERV) antigens, including Env and Gag sequences similar to the well-characterized murine(More)
The protein encoded by the autoimmune-associated protein tyrosine phosphatase nonreceptor type 22 gene, PTPN22, has wide-ranging effects in immune cells including suppression of T-cell receptor signaling and promoting efficient production of type I interferons (IFN-I) by myeloid cells. Here we show that mice deficient in PTPN22 resist chronic viral(More)