Kristi J McClamroch

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OBJECTIVE Decision analytic techniques use formal specifications of utility for the four fundamental decision events: true positives, false positives, true negatives, and false negatives. An optimal policy is the one with the lowest expected net cost. In this paper, decision analytic techniques for treatment selection based on patient characteristics are(More)
BACKGROUND This study compares the sexual behavior and HIV prevalence of men and women at social venues where people meet new sexual partners in Eastern Kinshasa with that of sexually transmitted infection (STI) treatment and antenatal clinic (ANC) patients in the same area. METHODS ANC patients, STI clinic patients, and social venue patrons were(More)
BACKGROUND Too little is known about the many women who generate income in Madagascar by trading sex. METHODS Clinical and laboratory exams were offered to 493 non-care seeking female sex workers (SWs) in Antananarivo and 493 in Tamatave. SWs were recruited by peers in their community; they were interviewed, counselled and treated for sexually transmitted(More)
BACKGROUND Sex work is frequently one of the few options women in low-income countries have to generate income for themselves and their families. Treating and preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among sex workers (SWs) is critical to protect the health of the women and their communities; it is also a cost-effective way to slow the spread of(More)
The degree to which case surveillance captures persons ever infected with HCV is unknown. We determined the discrepancy between HCV seroprevalence, estimated from national survey data, among adults in New York State in 2008 (n = 286 262, or 1.95%) and the number of infected persons reported to the state's surveillance hepatitis registries (n = 144 015).(More)
BACKGROUND Persistent high levels of sexually transmitted infection (STI) in Madagascar indicate current prevention strategies are inadequate. STI/HIV prevention based in social venues may play an important role in reaching individuals at risk of infection. We identified venues where people meet sexual partners and measured the need and potential for(More)
OBJECTIVES We assessed public views about the acceptability of and need for sexually transmitted disease (STD) and sexual health-related educational messaging in local campaigns. METHODS A 28-item state-added module was included in the 2008 New York Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey (n=3,751). Respondents rated acceptability of(More)
Introduction. Surveillance for laboratory-confirmed influenza-associated deaths in children is used to monitor the severity of influenza at the population level and to inform influenza prevention and control policies. The goal of this study was to better estimate pediatric influenza mortality in New York state (NYS). Methods. Death certificate data were(More)
BACKGROUND According to the national guidelines developed in 2001, a woman at high risk of gonorrhea and chlamydia in Madagascar is treated presumptively at her first sexually transmitted infection clinic visit; risk-based treatment (RB) is subsequently used at 3-month visits. OBJECTIVES To compare health and economic outcomes for a 2-stage Markov process(More)
According to the international medical community, adequate antenatal care, beginning by the end of the fourth month of pregnancy, is beneficial to maternal and perinatal outcomes. However, there is little research on timing of antenatal care and factors that influence it, including external barriers and women's beliefs. This research was conducted at(More)