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and surface temperature and wetness conditions affect and are affected by numerous climatologi-cal, meteorological, ecological, and geophysical phenomena. Therefore, accurate, high-resolution estimates of terrestrial water and energy storages are valuable for predicting climate change, weather, biological and agricultural productivity, and flooding, and for(More)
Soil moisture is a critical hydrosphere state variable that often limits the exchanges of water and energy between the atmosphere and land surface, controls the partitioning of rainfall between evaporation and runoff, and impacts vegetation photosynthetic rate and soil microbiologic respiratory activities. Thus, accurate measurements of this variable are(More)
The expression of growth-associated protein 43 (GAP-43), neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM), and nerve-growth-factor-inducible large external glycoprotein (NILE) in the adult rat dorsal horn was examined at several survival times after unilateral pronase injection of the sciatic nerve. Pronase injection produces a permanent major loss of sciatic primary(More)
Quantitative receptor autoradiography was used to evaluate potential alterations in substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) binding in the L4 spinal segment of rats following unilateral poisoning of the sciatic nerve with pronase. Ten days after pronase-induced deafferentation there was a significant increase in SP and CGRP binding in(More)
Seasonal agricultural drought monitoring systems, which rely on satellite remote sensing and land surface models (LSMs), are important for disaster risk reduction and famine early warning. These systems require the best available weather inputs, as well as a long-term historical record to contextualize current observations. This article introduces the(More)
Glutamate released from primary afferents is thought to be involved in mediating spinal reflexes, nociception, and the development and consequent maintenance of hyperalgesia. The role of glutamate is dependent on the distribution and regulation of glutamate receptors in the spinal cord. Due to the numerous glutamate receptor subtypes and their differential(More)
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