Kristen Wall

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Incubation of the encapsulated yeast Cryptococcus neoformans in human serum leads to alternative pathway-mediated deposition of C3 fragments in the capsule. We examined the ability of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) specific for different epitopes of the major capsular polysaccharide to alter the kinetics for classical and alternative pathway-mediated(More)
We have previously demonstrated that insulin activates farnesyltransferase (FTase) and augments the amounts of farnesylated p21 (Goalstone, M. L., and Draznin, B. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 27585-27589). We postulated that this aspect of insulin action might explain the "priming effect" of insulin on the cellular response to other growth factors. In the(More)
In the first step of tetrapyrrole biosynthesis in Escherichia coli, glutamyl-tRNA reductase (GluTR, encoded by hemA) catalyzes the NADPH-dependent reduction of glutamyl-tRNA to glutamate-1-semialdehyde. Soluble homodimeric E. coli GluTR was made by co-expressing the hemA gene and the chaperone genes dnaJK and grpE. During Mg(2+)-stimulated catalysis, the(More)
We have recently demonstrated that insulin activates farnesyltransferase (FTase) and thereby increases the amounts of cellular farnesylated p21Ras in 3T3-L1 fibroblasts, adipocytes and vascular smooth muscle cells. We postulated that hyperinsulinaemia might considerably increase the the cellular pool of farnesylated p21Ras available for activation by other(More)
To investigate the cause and effect relationship between hyperinsulinemia and the increased amounts of farnesylated p21Ras, we performed hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamps in normal weight volunteers as well as in normal mice and dogs. Insulin infusions significantly raised the amounts of farnesylated p21Ras in the white blood cells of humans, in liver(More)
We have shown previously that insulin promotes phosphorylation and activation of farnesyltransferase and geranylgeranyltransferase (GGTase) II. We have now examined the effect of insulin on geranylgeranyltransferase I in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Insulin increased GGTase I activity 3-fold and augmented the amounts of geranylgeranylated Rho-A by 18%. Both(More)
From the ‡Institute of Microbiology, Technical University Braunschweig, Spielmannstrasse 7, D-38106 Braunschweig, Germany, §Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8114, Department of Biophysics, Kyoto University Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606, Japan, **Genome Therapeutics Corp., Waltham, Massachusetts 02154,(More)
Encapsulated cells of Cryptococcus neoformans are potent activators of the alternative complement pathway. Previous studies found that monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) specific for the major capsular polysaccharide, termed glucuronoxylomannan (GXM), can markedly suppress the ability of the capsule to accumulate C3 from normal human serum via the alternative(More)
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