Kristen M. Werner

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Alpha/beta interferons (IFN-alpha/beta) are key mediators of innate immunity and important modulators of adaptive immunity. The mechanisms by which IFN-alpha/beta are induced are becoming increasingly well understood. Recent studies showed that Toll-like receptors 7 and 8 expressed by plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) mediate the endosomal recognition of(More)
The Drosophila neuromuscular junction (NMJ) is an established model system used for the study of synaptic development and plasticity. The widespread use of the Drosophila motor system is due to its high accessibility. It can be analyzed with single-cell resolution. There are 30 muscles per hemisegment whose arrangement within the peripheral body wall are(More)
Exposure to cigarette smoke has long been linked to carcinogenesis, but the emphasis has been placed on mutational changes in the DNA sequence caused by the carcinogens in smoke. Here, we report an additional role for cigarette smoke exposure in contributing to chromosomal aberrations in cells. We have found that cigarette smoke condensate (CSC) induces(More)
The Drosophila neuromuscular junction (NMJ) is an established model system used for the study of synaptic development and plasticity. The widespread use of the Drosophila motor system is due to its high accessibility. It can be analyzed with single-cell resolution. There are 30 muscles per hemisegment whose arrangement within the peripheral body wall are(More)
HEALTH IT ii This document is in the public domain and may be used and reprinted without special permission. Citation of the source is appreciated. Preface To support research and policy formation in the area of Electronic Health Record (EHR) usability, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) commissioned the " Use of Dense Display and(More)
A molecular understanding of synaptogenesis is a critical step toward the goal of understanding how brains "wire themselves up," and then "rewire" during development and experience. Recent genomic and molecular advances have made it possible to study synaptogenesis on a genomic scale. Here, we describe the results of a screen for genes involved in formation(More)
In a process known as quorum sensing, bacteria use chemicals called autoinducers for cell-cell communication. Population-wide detection of autoinducers enables bacteria to orchestrate collective behaviors. In the animal kingdom detection of chemicals is vital for success in locating food, finding hosts, and avoiding predators. This behavior, termed(More)
The aim of the present study was to analyse the state of medical care by the family doctor in selected areas of the province Halle in the former GDR (land Sachsen-Anhalt). We questioned physicians on their activities, and patients on their expectations in medical care by the family doctor. Both groups considered the trusting physician-patient relation,(More)