Learn More
11beta-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 is a glucocorticoid metabolizing enzyme that catalyzes rapid inactivation of corticosterone and cortisol to inert 11-keto derivatives. As 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 is highly expressed in the developing brain, but not in the adult CNS, we hypothesized that it may represent a protective barrier to(More)
Both serotonergic dysfunction and glucocorticoid hypersecretion are implicated in affective and eating disorders. The adverse effects of serotonergic (5-HT)2C receptor activation on mood and food intake, the antidepressant efficacy of 5-HT2 receptor antagonists, and the hyperphagia observed in 5-HT2C receptor knockout mice all suggest a key role for(More)
The cholinergic system is involved in cognition and several forms of dementia, including Alzheimer's disease, and nicotine administration has been shown to improve cognitive performance in both humans and rodents. While experiments with humans have shown that nicotine improves the ability to handle an increasing working memory load, little work has been(More)
Glucocorticoids and serotonin (5-HT) modulate behaviour and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis responses. The two systems interact prominently in the hippocampus, where these effects may occur. We have previously shown that hippocampal 5-HT2C receptor mRNA expression is increased by adrenalectomy or central 5-HT lesions. We have now determined(More)
Both central serotonergic dysfunction and glucocorticoid hypersecretion have been separately implicated in the aetiology of affective disorders. The hippocampus highly expresses receptors for 5-hydroxytryptamine and glucocorticoids, and adrenalectomy alters the responsivity of hippocampal neurons to 5-hydroxytryptamine. The hippocampus thus represents a(More)
Excessive glucocorticoid levels increase the metabolic vulnerability of hippocampal neurons to a wide variety of insults. Since glucocorticoid hypersecretion occurs in Alzheimer's-type dementia it has been proposed that a primary reduction in hippocampal glucocorticoid receptor expression leads to failure of feedback, hypercortisolemia and hence further(More)
The data in this report describe the discovery and characterization of a previously unidentified alternatively processed RNA for the neuronal nicotinic receptor alpha7 subunit. The unique transcript contains an extra exon that arises from alternative splicing of intron nine of the alpha7 subunit RNA. The alpha7 subunit protein resulting from this(More)
This study demonstrated rapid apical to basolateral absorption of genistein across Caco-2 cell monolayers with a P(app) of 20.0+/-0.8 x 10(-6)cm/sec. In contrast, genistein's main dietary source, genistein-7-glucoside (genistin), was not absorbed. In fact, genistin demonstrated basolateral to apical efflux of 1.28+/-0.10 x 10(-6) cm/sec, which exceeded the(More)
BACKGROUND Circadian rhythms control a vast array of biological processes in a broad spectrum of organisms. The contribution of circadian rhythms to the development of megakaryocytes and the regulation of platelet biology has not been defined. OBJECTIVES This study tested the hypothesis that murine megakaryocytes exhibit hallmarks of circadian control. (More)
Galantamine is an acetylcholine esterase inhibitor that has been approved for use in Alzheimer's disease. However, even though clinical studies indicate efficacy in attenuating some of the symptoms associated with the disease, there are a paucity of studies evaluating the effects of galantamine administration on cognitive performance and brain parameters in(More)
  • 1