Kristen K O Arseneau

Learn More
Regulation of messenger RNA stability by AU-rich elements is an important means of regulating genes induced by growth factors and cytokines. Nup475 (also known as tristetraprolin, or TIS11) is the prototype for a family of zinc-binding Cys(3)His motif proteins required for proper regulation of tumor necrosis factor mRNA stability in macrophages. We(More)
Probiotic formulations are widely available and have a variety of proposed beneficial effects, including promotion of gut health. The mechanisms of action of probiotic bacteria in the intestine are still unclear but are generally attributed to an antiinflammatory effect. Here, we demonstrate that the multiple probiotic formulation VSL#3 prevents the onset(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Patients with steroid-refractory ulcerative colitis face a difficult treatment decision between colectomy and therapy with infliximab or cyclosporine. The aim of this study was to understand how individual patient preferences for the various treatment outcomes influence the optimal treatment decision for a given patient. METHODS A Markov(More)
Severe coagulopathy in fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) is difficult to correct by conventional means. Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) is an antihemophilic factor that has shown promise in treating coagulopathy in liver disease. Our aim is to review our experience with rFVIIa in treating the coagulopathy of FHF and compare these results with those(More)
The SAMP1/YitFc mouse strain represents a model of Crohn's disease (CD)-like ileitis that is ideal for investigating the pathogenesis of chronic intestinal inflammation. Different from the vast majority of animal models of colitis, the ileal-specific phenotype characteristic of SAMP1/YitFc mice occurs spontaneously, without genetic, chemical, or(More)
Nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain NOD-like receptors (NLRs) are highly conserved cytosolic pattern recognition receptors that play, in combination with toll-like receptors, a critical role in innate immunity and inflammation. These proteins are characterized by a central oligomerization domain termed nucleotide-binding domain, and a protein(More)
BACKGROUND We previously showed that the probiotic mixture, VSL#3, prevents the onset of ileitis in SAMP/YitFc (SAMP) mice, and this effect was associated with stimulation of epithelial-derived TNF. The aim of this study was to determine the mechanism(s) of VSL#3-mediated protection on epithelial barrier function and to further investigate the "paradoxical"(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Cytokines are integral mediators for maintaining intestinal mucosal homeostasis, as well as prominent effector molecules during chronic gut inflammatory diseases. This review focuses on recent studies of the role of specific cytokines in mucosal immunity. RECENT FINDINGS Dichotomous, or even opposing, functions have been described for(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease causes chronic, relapsing intestinal inflammation that can lead to the development of colorectal cancer. Members of the TNF superfamily are key regulators of intestinal inflammation. In particular, TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) and its receptor, Fn14, are involved in normal and pathologic intestinal tissue remodeling.(More)
INTRODUCTION CCR9 antagonism is a promising new therapeutic approach for the treatment of Crohn's disease. CCR9 is expressed on the cell surface of memory/effector CD4(+) T cells and selectively binds to the small intestinal lymphocyte chemoattractant CCL25 (TECK). Blockade of the CCR9/CCL25 interaction inhibits lymphocyte homing to the intestinal mucosa,(More)