Kristen Finn

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The need for increased sleep after traumatic brain injury is a common and disabling complaint, yet its etiology is unknown. Previous studies have demonstrated diffuse damage to various hypothalamic systems, but the integrity of the histaminergic tuberomammillary nucleus, a major arousal-promoting system located in the posterior hypothalamus, has never been(More)
Recent reports have suggested that substituting continuous negative extrathoracic pressure (CNEP) for positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) may result in clinical benefits to infants with pulmonary disease. Other studies have suggested potential hemodynamic advantages. We compared the effects of CNEP and PEEP in 13 mechanically ventilated newborn piglets(More)
Recent clinical studies have suggested that improvement in pulmonary gas exchange with the use of continuous negative extrathoracic pressure (CNEP) in conjunction with intermittent mandatory ventilation (IMV) may be due to increased pulmonary blood flow. Accordingly, we investigated the effects of CNEP vs positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) in(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the pulmonary function and hemodynamic effects of incremental positive end-expiratory pressure in two groups of normal ventilated newborn piglets with different baseline dynamic lung compliance. DESIGN Prospective, controlled, intervention study. SETTING Animal laboratory. INTERVENTIONS One group of piglets (inflation group) was(More)
The competitive interactions of genetically distinct isolates of Giardia duodenalis with different growth rates were studied in vitro. Electrophoretic analysis of mixed cultures showed that competition between 2 cloned isolates occurs under normal in vitro culture conditions, with faster-growing isolates outcompeting those with slower growth rates. The(More)
Despite evidence of surfactant dysfunction in the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), treatment with exogenous surfactant remains experimental. Uneven pulmonary distribution is one factor that may limit response. We investigated whether exogenous surfactant administered by lavage, consisting of a 35 ml/kg volume instilled by gravity and followed(More)
Evidence for surfactant dysfunction in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) suggests a role for exogenous surfactant which contains apoprotein for resistance to protein inhibition. We compared the effects of KL-4-Surfactant, an artificial preparation containing a synthetic 21 amino acid peptide with SP-B-like activity, with Exosurf, an artificial(More)
We studied different sequences of lung inflation in ventilated newborn piglets with normal lungs in order to determine the effects of sequence, magnitude and duration of distending pressure on pulmonary function, and/or hemodynamics. End-expiratory pressure was varied using a continuous negative extrathoracic pressure (CNEP) device. Three groups of(More)
Little attention has been focused on the progressive pulmonary deterioration which occurs in mechanically ventilated infants with normal or mildly abnormal lungs. We hypothesized that lung function would deteriorate over a 24-hr period in anesthetized neonatal piglets with normal lungs mechanically ventilated at 2 cm H2O PEEP (2PEEP group). We further(More)
Abnormalities of pulmonary surfactant function have been described in association with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Because gram-negative sepsis is a common cause of ARDS, we treated neonatal piglets with Escherichia coli endotoxin to create a neonatal ARDS model. We hypothesized that under these conditions administration of exogenous(More)