Learn More
Immunohistochemical distribution of cannabinoid receptors in the adult rat brain was studied using specific purified antibodies against the amino-terminus of the CB1 receptor. Our results generally agree well with the previous studies using CB1 receptor autoradiography and messenger RNA in situ hybridization. However, because of its greater resolution,(More)
Localization of cannabinoid CB 1 receptors on GABAergic interneurons in the rat hippocampal formation was studied by double-labeling immunohistochemistry with confocal microscopy. Virtually all CB1-immunoreactive neurons (95%) are GABAergic. CB 1 fluorescence showed a punctate pattern. In contrast, the GABA fluorescence was distributed homogeneously,(More)
Synthetic cannabinoids produce behavioral analgesia and suppress pain neurotransmission, raising the possibility that endogenous cannabinoids serve naturally to modulate pain. Here, the development of a sensitive method for measuring cannabinoids by atmospheric pressure-chemical ionization mass spectrometry permitted measurement of the release of the(More)
The distribution in the rat brain of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the endogenous cannabinoid anandamide was studied by immunohistochemistry. An immunopurified, polyclonal antibody to the C terminal region of FAAH was used in these studies. The large principal neurons, such as pyramidal cells in the cerebral(More)
Cannabinoids suppress behavioral and neurophysiological responses to noxious stimuli in rodents when administered systemically. The purpose of this study was to extend previous studies of the site of cannabinoid analgesia. Rats were tested in the tail flick test before and after microinjections of the cannabinoid agonist WIN55, 212-2 (5 microg) into one of(More)
Prenatal exposure to maternal smoking has been linked to cognitive and auditory processing deficits in offspring. Preclinical studies have demonstrated that exposure to nicotine disrupts neurodevelopment during gestation and adolescence, possibly by disrupting the trophic effects of acetylcholine. Given recent clinical and preclinical work suggesting that(More)
Microinjections of low doses of the potent and selective cannabinoids WIN 55,212-2 and CP 55,940 into the lateral ventricle produce long-lasting reduction in sensitivity to noxious thermal stimuli (1). To determine the central distribution of ventricularly administered WIN 55,212-2, we microinjected an analgesic dose of the drug with [3H]WIN 55,212-2. At(More)
Systemic administration of cannabinoids produce profound antinociception in rodents. The purpose of this study was to examine the contribution of the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) to cannabinoid-mediated inhibition of the tail-flick reflex. Rats received direct injections of two selective cannabinoid agonists, WIN55,212-2 and HU210, into the RVM. Both(More)
The levels of CB1 cannabinoid receptors in the basal ganglia are the highest in the brain, comparable to the levels of dopamine receptors, a major transmitter in the basal ganglia. This localization of receptors is consistent with the profound effects on motor function exerted by cannabinoids. The output nuclei of the basal ganglia, the globus pallidus (GP)(More)
DARPP-32, a dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein of M(r) 32,000, has been shown to be phosphorylated on threonine-34, both in vitro with high efficiency by cAMP-dependent and cGMP-dependent protein kinases and in vivo by dopamine acting through cAMP-dependent protein kinase. In the present study, we investigated the nitric oxide (NO)/cGMP pathway for(More)