Kristen A. Porter

Learn More
The SNRPN gene encodes a small nuclear ribonucleoprotein subunit, SmN, thought to be involved in splicing of pre-mRNA. A closely related protein, SmB/B', is constitutively expressed in all tissues except the brain, where SmN is predominantly expressed. The mouse homolog of the SNRPN gene has been shown to be functionally imprinted in mouse brain, being(More)
Pseudogenes are duplicated yet defunct copies of functional parent genes. However, some pseudogenes have gained or retained function. In this study, we consider a functional role for the NLRP2-related, higher primate-specific, processed pseudogene NLRP2P, which is closely related to Pyrin-only protein 2 (POP2/PYDC2), a regulator of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB)(More)
The platelet-derived growth factor beta receptor (PDGFbetaR) plays an important role in proliferation and motility of fibroblasts. We have been investigating the effects of sustained PDGFbetaR activation in mortal human diploid fibroblasts (HDFs), which are typically difficult to transform. We have previously shown that the bovine papillomavirus E5 protein,(More)
The accumulation of mutant genotypes within a biofilm evokes the controversy over whether the biofilm environment induces adaptive mutation or whether the accumulation can be explained by natural selection. A comparison of the virulence of two strains of the dental pathogen Streptococcus mutans showed that rats infected with one of the strains accumulated a(More)
Mutans streptococci are major etiological agents of dental caries, and several of their secreted products contribute to bacterial accumulation on teeth. Of these, Streptococcus mutans glucan binding protein B (GbpB) is a novel, immunologically dominant protein. Its biological function is unclear, although GbpB shares homology with a putative peptidoglycan(More)
BACKGROUND The Pr55(gag) (Gag) polyprotein of HIV serves as a scaffold for virion assembly and is thus essential for progeny virion budding and maturation. Gag localizes to the plasma membrane (PM) and membranes of late endosomes, allowing for release of infectious virus directly from the cell membrane and/or upon exocytosis. The host factors involved in(More)
We have previously demonstrated that immunization with the inactivated Francisella tularensis, a Category A intracellular mucosal pathogen, combined with IgG2a anti-F. tularensis monoclonal antibody (Ab), enhances protection against subsequent F. tularensis challenge. To understand the mechanism(s) involved, we examined the binding, internalization,(More)
Pyrin domain-only proteins (POPs) are recently evolved, primate-specific proteins demonstrated in vitro as negative regulators of inflammatory responses. However, their in vivo function is not understood. Of the four known POPs, only POP2 is reported to regulate NF-κB-dependent transcription and multiple inflammasomes. Here we use a transgenic(More)
Activated CD4(+) T cells are more susceptible to HIV infection than resting T cells; the reason for this remains unresolved. Induction of CIITA and subsequent expression of the MHC class II isotype HLA-DR are hallmarks of CD4(+) T cell activation; therefore, we investigated the role of CIITA expression in T cells during HIV infection. CIITA-expressing SupT1(More)
  • 1