Kristen A Neville

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CONTEXT Hyperinsulinism and its associated metabolic abnormalities, including diabetes mellitus (DM), have been reported in long-term survivors of childhood cancer, mainly after bone marrow transplant (BMT); however, the predisposing factors are unclear, and early markers have not been identified. METHODS The prevalence of overweight/obesity, abdominal(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the importance of sodium content versus administration rate of intravenous fluids in the development of hyponatremia in postoperative children. STUDY DESIGN In this prospective, randomized, nonblinded study, 124 children admitted for surgery received 0.9% (NS) or 0.45% (N/2) saline solution at 100% or 50% maintenance rates. Plasma(More)
AIMS To determine whether the risk of hyponatraemia in children with gastroenteritis receiving intravenous (IV) fluids is decreased by the use of 0.9% saline. METHODS A prospective randomised study was carried out in a tertiary paediatric hospital. A total of 102 children with gastroenteritis were randomised to receive either 0.9% saline + 2.5% dextrose(More)
OBJECTIVES Nonosmotic antidiuretic hormone (ADH) activity can cause severe hyponatremia during involuntary fluid administration. We looked for evidence of this before and during intravenous (IV) fluid administration in children treated for gastroenteritis. METHODOLOGY In this prospective observational study, plasma ADH, electrolytes, osmolality, and(More)
The aim of this study was to determine if once daily insulin detemir reverses decline in weight and lung function in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). 12 patients with early insulin deficiency and six with CF related diabetes (aged 7.2-18.1 years) were treated for a median of 0.8 years. Changes in weight and lung function following treatment were compared(More)
BACKGROUND NR5A1 loss-of-function mutations are increasingly found to be the cause of 46,XY disorders of sex development (DSD). OBJECTIVE To determine the presence of NR5A1 mutations in an Australasian cohort of 17 46,XY DSD patients with presumed androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) who were negative for androgen receptor gene (AR) mutation. DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND Perinatal stress is thought to underlie the Barker sequelae of low birth weight, of which precocious pubarche may be a manifestation. AIMS To explore whether prematurity as well as smallness for gestational age (SGA) predisposes to precocious pubarche, and the potential role of excess weight gain during childhood. METHODS Retrospective chart(More)
BACKGROUND Autoantibody-negative children diagnosed with type 1 diabetes might have unrecognized monogenic or type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS At diagnosis of type 1 diabetes (between ages 0.5 and 16.3 yr, n = 470), autoantibodies [glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), insulinoma-associated protein 2 (IA2), insulin autoantibodies (IAA), and/or(More)
BACKGROUND Maintenance intravenous fluids are frequently used in hospitalised children who cannot maintain adequate hydration through enteral intake. Traditionally used hypotonic fluids have been associated with hyponatraemia and subsequent morbidity and mortality. Use of isotonic fluid has been proposed to reduce complications. OBJECTIVES To establish(More)
Persistent 'IgE-mediated' insulin allergy (type 1 allergy) (1), unresponsive to changes in insulin type or the use of antihistamines, necessitates desensitization. A number of case reports (2-7) and recent reviews (8, 9) have demonstrated that desensitization can be achieved with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII), but in type 1 diabetes(More)