Kristen A Johnson

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Productive rearrangement of the immunoglobulin heavy-chain locus triggers a major developmental checkpoint that promotes limited clonal expansion of pre-B cells, thereby culminating in cell-cycle arrest and rearrangement of light-chain loci. By using Irf4-/-Irf8-/- pre-B cells, we demonstrated that two pathways converge to synergistically drive light-chain(More)
Osteoblasts mineralize bone matrix by promoting hydroxyapatite crystal formation and growth in the interior of membrane-limited matrix vesicles (MVs) and by propagating the crystals onto the collagenous extracellular matrix. Two osteoblast proteins, tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) and plasma cell membrane glycoprotein-1 (PC-1) are involved in(More)
Tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) hydrolyzes the mineralization inhibitor inorganic pyrophosphate (PP(i)). Deletion of the TNAP gene (Akp2) in mice results in hypophosphatasia characterized by elevated levels of PP(i) and poorly mineralized bones, which are rescued by deletion of nucleotide pyrophosphatase phosphodiesterase 1 (NPP1) that(More)
Chondrocyte maturation to hypertrophy, associated with up-regulated transglutaminase 2 (TG2) expression, mediates not only physiologic growth plate mineralization but also pathologic matrix calcification and dys-regulated matrix repair in osteoarthritic articular cartilage. TG2-/- mouse chondrocytes demonstrate markedly inhibited progression to hypertrophic(More)
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease that involves the destruction of articular cartilage and eventually leads to disability. Molecules that promote the selective differentiation of multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into chondrocytes may stimulate the repair of damaged cartilage. Using an image-based high-throughput screen, we(More)
The multiligand receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) mediates certain chronic vascular and neurologic degenerative diseases accompanied by low-grade inflammation. RAGE ligands include S100/calgranulins, a class of low-molecular-mass, calcium-binding polypeptides, several of which are chondrocyte expressed. Here, we tested the hypothesis that(More)
Macrophage-mediated inflammation is central to atherogenesis. We have determined previously that the CXC chemokine receptor CXCR2 is involved in advanced atherosclerosis. We sought to determine whether one of the ligands of CXCR2, KC/GRO-alpha, can also modulate atherogenesis. KC/GRO-alpha(-/-) mice were generated and mated with the atherosclerosis-prone(More)
Two transglutaminases (TGs), factor XIIIA (FXIIIA) and TG2, undergo physiologic upregulation in growth plate hypertrophic chondrocytes, and pathological upregulation in osteoarthritic cartilage. Externalization of guanine-nucleotide-bound TG2 drives chondrocyte maturation to hypertrophy, a state linked to matrix remodeling and calcification. Here, we tested(More)
Tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) is essential for bone matrix mineralization, but the central mechanism for TNAP action remains undefined. We observed that ATP-dependent (45)Ca precipitation was decreased in calvarial osteoblast matrix vesicle (MV) fractions from TNAP-/- mice, a model of infantile hypophosphatasia. Because TNAP hydrolyzes the(More)
Inogranic pyrophosphate (PPi) inhibits hydroxyapatite deposition, and mice deficient in the PPi-generating nucleoside triphosphate pyrophosphohydrolase (NTPPPH) Plasma cell membrane glycoprotein-1 (PC-1) develop peri-articular and arterial calcification in early life. In idiopathic infantile arterial calcification (IIAC), hydroxyapatite deposition and(More)