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A trial of annual in-home comprehensive geriatric assessments for elderly people living in the community.
BACKGROUND AND METHODS The prevention of disability in elderly people poses a challenge for health care and social services. We conducted a three-year, randomized, controlled trial of the effect ofExpand
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Text Messaging to Improve Attendance at Post-Operative Clinic Visits after Adult Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Background Following male circumcision for HIV prevention, a high proportion of men fail to return for their scheduled seven-day post-operative visit. We evaluated the effect of short message serviceExpand
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Circadian Uses of Melatonin in Humans
Melatonin in humans can be an independent or dependent variable. Measurement of endogenous melatonin levels under dim‐light conditions, particularly the dim‐light melatonin onset (DLMO), has receivedExpand
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Texting improves testing: a randomized trial of two-way SMS to increase postpartum prevention of mother-to-child transmission retention and infant HIV testing
Objective:Many sub-Saharan African countries report high postpartum loss to follow-up of mother–baby pairs. We aimed to determine whether interactive text messages improved rates of clinic attendanceExpand
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Phase Angle of Entrainment in Morning‐ and Evening‐Types under Naturalistic Conditions
Differences in morningness‐eveningness among humans are commonly ascribed to circadian parameters, such as circadian period and responsivity to environmental time cues, as well as homeostatic sleepExpand
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Effect of Text Messaging to Deter Early Resumption of Sexual Activity After Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Background:Resumption of sex before complete wound healing after male circumcision may increase risk of postoperative surgical complications, and HIV acquisition and transmission. We aimed toExpand
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Melatonin Entrains Free‐running Blind People According to a Physiological Dose‐response Curve
The specific circadian role proposed for endogenous melatonin production was based on a study of sighted people who took low pharmacological doses (500 µg) of this chemical signal for the “biologicalExpand
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The phase shift hypothesis for the circadian component of winter depression
The finding that bright light can suppress melatonin production led to the study of two situations, indeed, models, of light deprivation: totally blind people and winterdepressives. The leadingExpand
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The Process of Care in Preventive In‐Home Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment
OBJECTIVES: To describe the process of care of a program of in‐home comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) and to determine: (1) if there are major findings in all domains of CGA (medical,Expand
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Evaluation of impact of long-lasting insecticide-treated bed nets and point-of-use water filters on HIV-1 disease progression in Kenya
Objectives:Among HIV-1-infected individuals in Africa, coinfection with malaria and diarrhoeal disease may be associated with more rapid HIV-1 disease progression. We sought to determine whether theExpand
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