Krista J Melville

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Haemorrhagic kidney syndrome (HKS), a serious disease affecting Atlantic salmon on the east coast of Canada, was determined to be caused by infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) through the isolation of the pathogen on the SHK-1 (salmon head kidney) cell line and confirmation by ISAV-specific immunofluorescent antibody test (IFAT) and reverse transcriptase(More)
In order to probe the interaction between an invading microorganism and its host, we have investigated differential gene expression in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) experimentally infected with the pathogen Aeromonas salmonicida, the causative agent of furunculosis. Subtractive cDNA libraries were constructed by suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH)(More)
Recovery of recombinant, negative-strand, nonsegmented RNA viruses from a genomic cDNA clone requires a rescue system that promotes de novo assembly of a functional ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex in the cell cytoplasm. This is accomplished typically by cotransfecting permissive cells with multiple plasmids that encode the positive-sense genomic RNA, the(More)
The isolation and characterisation of a gene encoding the putative matrix proteins of infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) is reported. Following identification of an ISAV-specific sequence from a cDNA library, RACE-PCR was used to identify a mRNA transcript of approximately 1.2 kb containing the ISAV consensus sequence GCTAAGA at the 5' end. Although the(More)
Aeromonas salmonicida is a fish pathogen that causes furunculosis. Virulent strains of this bacterium are able to infect salmonid macrophages and survive within them, although mechanisms favouring intracellular survival are not completely understood. It is known that A. salmonicida cultured in vivo in the peritoneal cavity of the host undergoes changes in(More)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of acute respiratory tract disease in humans. Towards development of a prophylactic vaccine, we genetically engineered Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) replicons encoding the fusion (Fa) or attachment (Ga or Gb) proteins of the A or B subgroups of RSV. Intramuscular immunization with a(More)
It is essential that preventative vaccines for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) elicit balanced T-cell responses. Immune responses dominated by type 2 T cells against RSV antigens are believed to cause exaggerated respiratory tract disease and may also contribute to unwanted inflammation in the airways that predisposes infants to wheeze through(More)
Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. eggs were collected from grilse that were individually identified as ISAV-positive based on the detection of pathogen in ovarian fluid by RT-PCR. The eggs were fertilised, disinfected and reared under quarantine conditions. To address the possibility of vertical transmission, fertilised eggs, alevins and parr were screened for(More)
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