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Fertilized Medaka fish eggs were used to determine if electromagnetic fields, designed to simulate those beneath a high voltage power line, have biological effects on vertebrate embryo development. The newly fertilized eggs were exposed to a 60 Hz electrical field of 300 mA/m2 current density, a 60 Hz magnetic field of 1.0 gauss RMS, or to the combined(More)
Erythrocyte populations from newborn and mature mice were characterized according to: size; ultrastructural features; water content; concentration of intraerythrocyte elements including Na, Cl, K, P, S, Mg, and Fe; and the spinlattice (T1) and spin-spin relaxation times of water protons as measured by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. A(More)
We questioned if the optically transparent noncellular chorion, or egg envelope, which encapsulates the entire medaka fish (Oryzias latipes) embryo might in some way constitute a permeability barrier to high concentrations of the diuretic called amiloride. More specifically, we questioned if removal of cations from the exogenous environment of the medaka(More)
To gain information on the mechanisms involved in the establishment and maintenance of subcellular gradients of Na, K, Cl and other elements in the flagellate, Euglena gracilis, we turned to the technique of ultracentrifugal stratification of its intracellular contents, which is achieved without loss of viability or cell rupture. Stratified and(More)
In this report we briefly review recent evidence which shows that a substantial proportion of intracellular K+ is "bound" or perturbed from the physicochemical properties expected in dilute aqueous solutions. In addition, we present evidence from electron probe x-ray microanalysis of thin cryosections of cells which indicates that the binding of K+ to(More)
We used quantitative electron-probe energy-dispersive x-ray microanalysis to localize endogenous Na, Cl, K, P, S, Mg and Ca in cryofixed and freeze-dried cryosections of the cap (i.e. the putative site of graviperception) and elongating zone (i.e. site of gravicurvature) of horizontally oriented roots of Zea mays. Ca, Na, Cl, K and Mg accumulate along the(More)
Ultrastructural observations in combination with electron probe X-ray microanalysis on detergent (Brij 58) permeabilized (disruption of the plasma membrane) nucleated chicken erythrocytes support the view that a large fraction of cytoplasmic and nuclear K+ is not freely diffusible and that adsorption of K+ on detergent released mobilizable proteins exists(More)
We have studied the influence of three members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) family of multifunctional growth factors on the proliferation of cultured astrocytes isolated from newborn mouse cerebral cortex. Although TGF-beta s 1, 2, and 3 cause only a small reduction in the low level of astrocyte proliferation occurring in chemically(More)
The effects of different levels of dietary cellulose on colonic crypt mitotic activity and colon carcinogenesis were studied in 190 male Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats were divided into groups and fed a basal fiber-free diet supplemented with either 0, 5, or 15% pure cellulose (w/w), for periods of 10 weeks (initiation stage) or 32 weeks (promotional stage).(More)
Serial injections of the colon carcinogen, 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH), have been reported to increase the proliferative activity in the colonic crypts preceding development of tumors. Can addition of purified cellulose to a fiber-free AIN-76 rat diet be used to suppress this increase in proliferative activity? To answer this question rats were divided into(More)