Krista Fischer-Stenger

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This study provides the first evidence for catecholamine synthesis and release in the RAW264.7 cell line, an important macrophage model. Although catecholamines were low in unstimulated cells, activation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) mRNA and increased extracellular norepinephrine and intracellular dopamine within 48 h. The(More)
Delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta 9-THC), the major psychoactive component of marijuana, has been shown to suppress macrophage soluble cytolytic activity. The purpose of this study was to determine whether delta 9-THC inhibited this function by affecting tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). The RAW264.7 macrophage cell line was used as an in vitro(More)
FcepsilonRI expression and function is a central aspect of allergic disease. Using bone marrow-derived mouse mast cell populations, we have previously shown that the Th2 cytokine IL-4 inhibits FcepsilonRI expression and function. In the current study we show that the Th2 cytokine IL-10 has similar regulatory properties, and that it augments the inhibitory(More)
Mast cell activation through the high affinity IgE receptor (FcepsilonRI) is a critical component of atopic inflammation. The cytokine TGF-beta1 has been shown to inhibit IgE-dependent mast cell activation, possibly serving to dampen mast cell-mediated inflammatory responses. We present proof that TGF-beta1 inhibits mast cell FcepsilonRI expression through(More)
Anandamide (arachidonoylethanolamide) was shown to inhibit macrophage-mediated killing of tumor necrosis factor-sensitive murine L929 fibroblasts. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) demonstrated that L929 cells, co-cultured with Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes)-activated peritoneal macrophages from mice treated with vehicle, were either disrupted or had(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta 9-THC), the major psychoactive component of marijuana, on T lymphocyte functional competence against herpes simplex virus Type 1 (HSV1) infection. Spleen cells from C3H/HeJ (H-2k) mice primed with HSV1 and exposed to delta 9-THC were examined for anti-HSV1 cytolytic T(More)
Although it is known that macrophages take up serotonin, a specific monoamine transporter has not been identified in macrophages. In this study, mRNA coding for the serotonin transporter (SERT) was detected with the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in recruited mouse peritoneal macrophages. Sequencing confirmed the identity of the(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the mechanism by which interleukin (IL)-4 + IL-10 costimulation regulates mast cell numbers to maintain immune homeostasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS We employed mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMC) to measure the effects of IL-4 + IL-10 on survival and cell-cycle progression. p53-Deficient,(More)
The effect of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-9-THC), the major psychoactive component of marijuana, on the capacity of Bacillus Calmétte-Guérin (BCG)-activated macrophages to lyse L929 tumor cells, Naegleria fowleri amoebae, and herpes simplex virus-infected cells was examined. Delta-9-THC inhibited tumoricidal and amoebicidal activity in a(More)
Previous studies indicate that norepinephrine and epinephrine modulate production of interleukin-1(beta) (IL-1(beta)) by activated macrophages, but it is not known if macrophage-derived catecholamines affect IL-1(beta). In this study, recruited peritoneal macrophages from CBA/J female mice were activated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and treated with(More)