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Although it is known that macrophages take up serotonin, a specific monoamine transporter has not been identified in macrophages. In this study, mRNA coding for the serotonin transporter (SERT) was detected with the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in recruited mouse peritoneal macrophages. Sequencing confirmed the identity of the(More)
This study provides the first evidence for catecholamine synthesis and release in the RAW264.7 cell line, an important macrophage model. Although catecholamines were low in unstimulated cells, activation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) mRNA and increased extracellular norepinephrine and intracellular dopamine within 48 h. The(More)
Previous studies indicate that norepinephrine and epinephrine modulate production of interleukin-1(beta) (IL-1(beta)) by activated macrophages, but it is not known if macrophage-derived catecholamines affect IL-1(beta). In this study, recruited peritoneal macrophages from CBA/J female mice were activated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and treated with(More)
OBJECTIVE Vesicular monoamine transporter 1 (VMAT-1) mRNA and protein were examined (1) to determine whether adult mouse brain expresses full-length VMAT-1 mRNA that can be translated to functional transporter protein and (2) to compare immunoreactive VMAT-1 proteins in brain and adrenal. METHODS VMAT-1 mRNA was detected in mouse brain with RT-PCR. The(More)
OBJECTIVES Although single nucleotide polymorphisms of the human vesicular monoamine transporter 1 (hVMAT1) gene SLC18A1 have been associated with neuropsychiatric disorders, there is limited information on the function of naturally occurring hVMAT1 variant proteins. This study evaluated transport activity of full length hVMAT1 isoform-a (NP_003044.1) with(More)
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