Krist V. Gernaey

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This review paper focuses on modelling of wastewater treatment plants (WWTP). White-box modelling is widely applied in this field, with learning, design and process optimisation as the main applications. The introduction of the ASM model family by the IWA task group was of great importance, providing researchers and practitioners with a standardised set of(More)
Over a decade ago, the concept of objectively evaluating the performance of control strategies by simulating them using a standard model implementation was introduced for activated sludge wastewater treatment plants. The resulting Benchmark Simulation Model No 1 (BSM1) has been the basis for a significant new development that is reported on here: Rather(More)
A methodology for calibration of the activated sludge plant models is proposed on the basis of consolidated engineering experience and a scientific approach. According to the method, the definition of the target(s) plays a crucial role in the selection of the steps incorporated in this so-called ‘BiomathCalibration’ protocol. For the activated sludge(More)
The COST/IWA benchmark simulation model has been available for seven years. Its primary purpose has been to create a platform for control strategy benchmarking of activated sludge processes. The fact that the benchmark has resulted in more than 100 publications, not only in Europe but also worldwide, demonstrates the interest in such a tool within the(More)
An earlier study on theoretical identifiability of parameters for a two-step nitrification model showed that a unique estimation of the yield YA1 is possible with combined respirometric-titrimetric data, contrary to the case where only one type of measurement is available. Here, the practical identifiability of model parameters was investigated via(More)
Batch bioreactor cultivations using Saccharomyces cerevisiae at high (190-305 gl(-1) glucose) or low (21-25 gl(-1) glucose) gravity conditions were monitored on-line using multi-wavelength fluorescence (MWF) and standard monitoring sensors. Partial least squares models were calibrated for the prediction of cell dry weight (CDW), ethanol and consumed(More)
The structural and practical identifiability of a model for description of respirometric-titrimetric data derived from aerobic batch substrate degradation experiments of a C(x)H(y)O(z) carbon source with activated sludge was evaluated. The model processes needed to describe titrimetric data included substrate uptake, CO(2) production, and NH(3) uptake for(More)
Nitrous oxide (N 2 O) is an ozone-depleting substance and a harmful greenhouse gas with a global warming potential three hundred times larger than that of carbon dioxide. Measurement campaigns at domestic wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) have found significant N 2 O emissions [1–5]. Specifically, N 2 O is found to be produced during the typical WWT(More)
The main purpose of this article is to demonstrate that principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares regression (PLSR) can be used to extract information from particle size distribution data and predict rheological properties. Samples from commercially relevant Aspergillus oryzae fermentations conducted in 550 L pilot scale tanks were(More)
Originally presented at the 1st IWA/WEF Wastewater Treatment Modelling Seminar (WWTmod 2008), this contribution has been updated to also include the valuable feedback that was received during the Modelling Seminar. This paper addresses a number of basic issues concerning the modelling of nitrite in key processes involved in biological wastewater water(More)