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Over a decade ago, the concept of objectively evaluating the performance of control strategies by simulating them using a standard model implementation was introduced for activated sludge wastewater treatment plants. The resulting Benchmark Simulation Model No 1 (BSM1) has been the basis for a significant new development that is reported on here: Rather(More)
This review paper focuses on modelling of wastewater treatment plants (WWTP). White-box modelling is widely applied in this field, with learning, design and process optimisation as the main applications. The introduction of the ASM model family by the IWA task group was of great importance, providing researchers and practitioners with a standardised set of(More)
The COST/IWA benchmark simulation model has been available for seven years. Its primary purpose has been to create a platform for control strategy benchmarking of activated sludge processes. The fact that the benchmark has resulted in more than 100 publications, not only in Europe but also worldwide, demonstrates the interest in such a tool within the(More)
BACKGROUND Traditionally average values of the whole population are considered when analysing microbial cell cultivations. However, a typical microbial population in a bioreactor is heterogeneous in most phenotypes measurable at a single-cell level. There are indications that such heterogeneity may be unfavourable on the one hand (reduces yields and(More)
The IWA Anaerobic Digestion Model No.1 (ADM1) was presented in 2002 and is expected to represent the state-of-the-art model within this field in the future. Due to its complexity the implementation of the model is not a simple task and several computational aspects need to be considered, in particular if the ADM1 is to be included in dynamic simulations of(More)
The IWA Anaerobic Digestion Model No.1 (ADM1) was presented in 2002 and is expected to represent the state-of-the-art model within this field in the future. Due to its complexity and stiffness the implementation of the model is not a simple task and several computational aspects need to be considered, in particular if the ADM1 is to be included in dynamic(More)
Nitrous oxide (N 2 O) is an ozone-depleting substance and a harmful greenhouse gas with a global warming potential three hundred times larger than that of carbon dioxide. Measurement campaigns at domestic wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) have found significant N 2 O emissions [1–5]. Specifically, N 2 O is found to be produced during the typical WWT(More)
Experimental results obtained in a batch reactor are presented showing different fast dynamic phenomena. All measured OUR-profiles show a 'start-up' phase upon substrate addition. Neither the response time of the DO-electrode, the mixing characteristics in the reactor or the extracellular transport limitations could explain this behaviour. It is(More)
Process analytical technology (PAT), the regulatory initiative for building in quality to pharmaceutical manufacturing, has a great potential for improving biopharmaceutical production.The recommended analytical tools for building in quality, multivariate data analysis, mechanistic modeling, novel models for interpretation of systems biology data and new(More)