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PURPOSE To characterize the potential of newborn retinal stem cells (RSCs) isolated from the radial glia population to integrate the retina, this study was conducted to investigate the fate of in vitro expanded RSCs transplanted into retinas devoid of photoreceptors (adult rd1 and old VPP mice and rhodopsin-mutated transgenic mice) or partially degenerated(More)
Catecholamines are viewed as major stimulants of diet- and cold-induced thermogenesis and of fasting-induced lipolysis, through the beta-adrenoceptors (beta(1)/beta(2)/beta(3)). To test this hypothesis, we generated beta(1)/beta(2)/beta(3)-adrenoceptor triple knockout (TKO) mice and compared them to wild type animals. TKO mice exhibited normophagic obesity(More)
The purpose of the present work was to generate, from retinal stem cells (RSCs), a large number of cells committed toward the photoreceptor fate in order to provide an unlimited cell source for neurogenesis and transplantation studies. We expanded RSCs (at least 34 passages) sharing characteristics of radial glial cells and primed the cells in vitro with(More)
BACKGROUND Future treatment for genetic diseases may involve the replacement of malfunctioning genes through virus-mediated gene therapy. However, this approach is plagued with many problems, both ethical and scientific. Therefore, alternative treatments based on new molecules may represent a safer option. Molecular treatment of many eye diseases will need(More)
In rodent brown adipose tissue, the beta-adrenergic signaling is believed, by an action on PGC-1alpha, to control UCP1 expression and mitochondriogenesis. We addressed this hypothesis using beta(1)/beta(2)/beta(3)-adrenoceptor knockout (beta-less) brown adipocytes in primary culture. In these cells: (a) proliferation and differentiation into multilocular(More)
Cell transplantation is an active field of research to replace lost cells in retinal dystrophies to potentially restore visual function. We hypothesized that in-vitro differentiated retinal stem cells would integrate the appropriate retinal layer and differentiate into photoreceptors when transplanted during development. Here we show that retinal stem cells(More)
PURPOSE C57/Bl6, Cpfl1(-/-) (cone photoreceptors function loss 1; pure rod function), Gnat1a(-/-) (rod α-transducin; pure cone function), and Rpe65(-/-);Rho(-/-) double-knockout mice were studied to distinguish the respective contributions of the different photoreceptor (PR) systems that enable light perception and mediate a visual reflex in adult(More)
BACKGROUND Rodent brown adipose tissue (BAT) is considered the main effector of adaptative thermogenesis as it contains a unique mitochondrial uncoupling protein, termed as uncoupling protein-1 (UCP1). The emergence of ectopic brown adipocytes in the white adipose tissue (WAT), called recruitment, might play an important role in the prevention of obesity.(More)
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