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Four-dimensional (4D) radiotherapy is the explicit inclusion of the temporal changes in anatomy during the imaging, planning, and delivery of radiotherapy. One key component of 4D radiotherapy planning is the ability to automatically ("auto") create contours on all of the respiratory phase computed tomography (CT) datasets comprising a 4D CT scan, based on(More)
PURPOSE Dynamically compensating for target motion during radiotherapy will increase treatment accuracy. A laboratory system for real-time target tracking with a dynamic MLC has been developed. In this study, the geometric accuracy limits of this DMLC target tracking system were evaluated. METHODS AND MATERIALS A motion simulator was programmed to follow(More)
PURPOSE To investigate temporospatial variations of tumor and normal tissue during respiration in lung cancer patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS In 14 patients, gross tumor volume (GTV) and normal tissue structures were manually contoured on four-dimensional computed tomography (4D-CT) scans. Structures were evaluated for volume changes, centroid (center of(More)
BACKGROUND Commonly used methods of assessing the accuracy of deformable image registration (DIR) rely on image segmentation or landmark selection. These methods are very labor intensive and thus limited to relatively small number of image pairs. The direct voxel-by-voxel comparison can be automated to examine fluctuations in DIR quality on a long series of(More)
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