Krishnapillai Madhavan Nair

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Recently we have shown the susceptibility of Fe-deficient rat intestine to oxidative damage during Fe repletion. The role of dietary antioxidants like ascorbic acid, alpha-tocopherol and a combination of both in counteracting the oxidative stress was tested in this study. Five groups of thirteen weanling WKY female rats were fed with an Fe-deficient diet(More)
Repeated surveys have shown that the magnitude of nutritional anaemia is of public health concern in India. Though reduced intake of iron is a major aetiological factor, low intake or an imbalance in the consumption of other haematopoietic nutrients, their utilization; increased nutrient loss and/or demand also contribute to nutritional anaemia. In India,(More)
Redox-active forms of iron are known to catalyze free radical mediated peroxidative reactions. There is scanty information on such effects at the sites of iron absorption. This was tested in iron-deficient WKY female rats supplemented for 15 days with FeSO4 equivalent to 8 mg of iron (D+) and compared with iron deficient (D) and iron adequate (C) rats. The(More)
Iron and zinc have diverse and important physiological functions. Yet, the mechanism of their absorption at the intestine remains controversial and is confounded by the fact that many studies have shown, to varying extents, that they inhibit the absorption of each other. We have studied the expression of iron and zinc transporters and storage proteins, and(More)
This article describes the development, design, and implementation of an integrated randomized double-masked placebo-controlled trial (Project Grow Smart) that examines how home/preschool fortification with multiple micronutrient powder (MNP) combined with an early child-development intervention affects child development, growth, and micronutrient status(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) continues to be a major public health nutritional problem in India, even though the National Vitamin A Prophylaxis Programme has been in operation for more than three decades. AIM To assess the prevalence of vitamin A deficiency among rural pre-school children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS A community-based cross-sectional(More)
This study attempted to evaluate the effect of nutritional factors on the disposition of levonorgestrel (LN), as administered in a combination oral pill. Plasma samples from 11 low socioeconomic women were measured by radioimmunoassay after oral doses of 2 types of combination oral formulations, Primovlar-30 (500 mcg of LN and 30 mcg of ethinyl estradiol)(More)
Studies in humans and animals have suggested negative interactions of iron and zinc during their intestinal absorption. Further, zinc seems to prevent iron-induced oxidative damage in rats, which was hypothesized to be through the modulation of the intracellular iron signaling pathway. The aim of this study was, therefore, to understand the effects of zinc(More)
A community based cross-sectional study was carried out in rural areas of West Bengal with the aim to assess the prevalence of vitamin A deficiency (VAD) among rural preschool children. Clinical examination was carried out on 9,228 children for the signs and symptoms of VAD and a sub-sample of 590 children were covered for the estimation of blood vitamin A(More)
Assessing the bioavailability of non-heme iron and zinc is essential for recommending diets that meet the increased growth-related demand for these nutrients. We studied the bioavailability of iron and zinc from a rice-based meal in 16 adolescent boys and girls, 13-15 y of age, from 2 government-run residential schools. Participants were given a(More)