Krishnan Rajkumar

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We measured pneumococcal antibody levels in 55 patients (ages 7 to 20 years) with sickle cell disease 3 to 7 years after the first booster immunization. Only 6 of the children had protective levels of antibodies (> 300 ng/ml) against all 12 serotypes tested. Thirty-two children (58%) had suboptimal levels against 1 to 3 serotypes; 17 had suboptimal levels(More)
Osteosarcoma (OS), a rare malignant bone tumour arising from primitive bone forming mesenchyme, most often arises in the metaphyses of long bones of the extremities. Bone or osteoid formation within the tumour is characteristic of an osteosarcoma. Craniofacial osteosarcoma (CFOS), most often located in the mandible or maxilla, accounts for only 5-13% of all(More)
Odontogenic carcinomas are rare lesions arising from dental embryogenic residues and have been designated by a variety of terms like malignant ameloblastoma, ameloblastic carcinoma, metastatic ameloblastoma or primary intra-alveolar epidermoid carcinoma. Ameloblastic carcinoma combines the histological features of ameloblastoma with cytological atypia, even(More)
INTRODUCTION Anecdotal reports suggest that the presence of mandibular third molars predispose the mandible to angle fractures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the presence of mandibular third molars as a risk factor for angle fractures in patients with fractured mandibles. MATERIALS AND METHOD A retrospective study was designed comprising of(More)
Little is known about the effects of demographic and lifestyle factors on laryngeal mucosal immunology. Pinch biopsies of laryngeal mucosa were studied from 63 patients without laryngeal disease. Areas of positive staining for HLA-DR, HLA-DQ, HLA-DP, CD45, CD45RA, CD45RO, CD4, CD8, and CD79 were calculated. Patients were stratified according to gender and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical utility of salivary interleukin 8 (IL-8) in the differential diagnosis of potentially malignant lesions (PMLs) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) in a region with high oral cancer prevalence. STUDY DESIGN Saliva and blood samples were collected from 100 participants in each group (OSCC, PMLs, and healthy controls).(More)
BACKGROUND CYFRA 21-1, a constituent of the intermediate filament proteins of epithelial cells, is known to be increased in many cancers. This study was designed to estimate the levels of salivary and serum CYFRA 21-1 in patients with oral precancer and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and compare them with healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS Each(More)
Molluscum contagiosum (MC) is an infection of the skin and mucous membrane caused by a DNA virus from the poxvirus family. It usually affects any part of the body and presents as pearly, flesh colored dome shaped nodule with a central umbilication. Clinical diagnosis can be supplemented with histopathology for the confirmed diagnosis of MC. This article(More)
Aim: To assess the diagnostic utility of serum and salivary interleukin 6 (IL-6) levels in the differential diagnosis of potentially malignant lesions and conditions (PMLs/PMCs) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) in a high oral cancer prevalence region. Methods: After appropriate ethical clearance and informed consent, salivary and blood samples were(More)