Learn More
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY Mechanical heart valve implantation requires long-term anticoagulation because of thromboembolic complications. Recent studies have indicated that the relatively high wall shear stresses and negative pressure transients developed during the valve closing phase may be dominant factors inducing thrombus initiation. The study(More)
Analysis of three-dimensional velocity profiles and wall shear stress distribution in a segment of an artery reconstructed from in vivo imaging data are presented in this study. Cross-sectional images of a segment of the abdominal aorta in dogs were obtained using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging employing a constant pull back technique. Simultaneous(More)
The wall shear stress induced by the leaflet motion during the valve-closing phase has been implicated with thrombus initiation with prosthetic valves. Detailed flow dynamic analysis in the vicinity of the leaflets and the housing during the valve-closure phase is of interest in understanding this relationship. A three-dimensional unsteady flow analysis(More)
To determine whether rotational blood flow or chiral asymmetry exists in the human descending thoracic aorta, we established the ability of color Doppler ultrasound to detect rotational flow in a tornado tube model of a vortex descending fluid column. In a model of the human aortic arch with a pulse duplicator, color Doppler was then used to demonstrate(More)
Aortic helical flow may play an important role in plaque deposition, dissection formation, and organ perfusion. The authors have previously demonstrated, using in vitro flow models and transesophageal echocardiography, that helical flow begins in the mammalian aortic arch and continues into the descending thoracic aorta. The purpose of this study was to(More)
Atherosclerosis is a diffuse arterial disease developing over many years and resulting in a complicated three-dimensional arterial morphology. The arterial wall material properties have been demonstrated to show regional alterations with atheroma development and growth. We present a mechanical analysis of diseased arterial segments reconstructed from(More)
Flow in the aortic arch is characterized primarily by the presence of a strong secondary flow superimposed over the axial flow, skewed axial velocity profiles and diastolic flow reversals. A significant amount of helical flow has also been observed in the descending aorta of humans and in models. In this study a computational model of the abdominal aorta(More)
Since the first successful implantation of a prosthetic heart valve four decades ago, over 50 different designs have been developed including both mechanical and bioprosthetic valves. Today, the most widely implanted design is the mechanical bileaflet, with over 170,000 implants worldwide each year. Several different mechanical valves are currently(More)
A computational fluid dynamics model for the analysis of the bileaflet mechanical heart valve closure process is presented. The objective of the study is to demonstrate the ability of the numerical model to simulate the leaflet motion during the closing phase in order to investigate the closure fluid dynamics and to evaluate the effect of alterations in the(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with bicuspid aortic valves (BAV) are at increased risk of ascending aortic dilatation, dissection, and rupture. We hypothesized that ascending aortic wall stress may be increased in patients with BAV compared with patients with tricuspid aortic valves (TAV). METHODS Twenty patients with BAV and 20 patients with TAV underwent(More)