Krishnamurthy Shyam

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Mitomycin C requires reductive activation to cross-link DNA and express anticancer activity. Reduction of mitomycin C (40 microm) by sodium borohydride (200 microm) in 20 mm Tris-HCl, 1 mm EDTA at 37 degrees C, pH 7.4, gives a 50-60% yield of the reactive intermediate mitomycin C hydroquinone. The hydroquinone decays with first order kinetics or pseudo(More)
Several 2-(aminocarbonyl)-1,2-bis(methylsulfonyl)-1-(2-chloroethyl)hydr azi nes were synthesized and primarily evaluated for antitumor activity against the murine L1210 leukemia. All of the compounds tested were capable of producing "cures" of mice bearing this tumor. One of the most active agents of this class, 1,2-bis(methylsulfonyl)-1-(2-chloroethyl)-(More)
Cloretazine {1,2-bis(methylsulfonyl)-1-[(2-chloroethyl)-2-(methylamino)carbonyl]hydrazine; VNP40101M; 101M} is a sulfonylhydrazine prodrug that possesses broad spectrum antitumor efficacy against transplanted murine and human tumor models and has shown activity in clinical trials against relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia. Base catalyzed(More)
1,2-Bis(sulfonyl)hydrazine derivatives, designed to generate several of the electrophilic species classically believed to be responsible for the alkylating (chloroethylating) and/or carbamoylating activities of the chloroethylnitrosoureas (CNUs), were compared with respect to the cross-linking and nicking of T7 DNA to that caused by(More)
Our laboratory has synthesized and evaluated the anticancer activity of a number of sulfonylhydrazine DNA modifying agents. As a class, these compounds possess broad spectrum antitumor activity, demonstrating significant activity against a variety of experimental murine tumors, including the P388 and L1210 leukemias, B16 melanoma, M109 lung carcinoma, and(More)
The antitumor, DNA-alkylating agent 1,3-bis[2-chloroethyl]-2-nitrosourea (BCNU; Carmustine), which generates 2-chloroethyl isocyanate upon decomposition in situ, inhibits cellular glutathione reductase (GR; EC 1.8.1.7) activity by up to 90% at pharmacological doses. GR is susceptible to attack from exogenous electrophiles, particularly carbamoylation from(More)
Repeated exposure of trypanosomes in vitro or in vivo to low concentrations of the methylating agent 1,2-bis(methylsulfonyl)-1-methylhydrazine induces a series of moderately synchronous morphological and biochemical changes. Cell division halts and the long-slender bloodstream forms transform to short-stumpy forms via larger intermediate-stage cells which(More)
Our laboratory has synthesized and evaluated the anticancer activity of a number of sulfonylhydrazine DNA modifying agents. As a class, these compounds possess broad spectrum antitumor activity, demonstrating significant activity against a variety of experimental murine tumors, including the P388 and L1210 leukemias, B16 melanoma, M109 lung carcinoma, and(More)
Several 1,2,2-tris(sulfonyl)hydrazines, conceived as prodrugs of 1,2-bis(sulfonyl)hydrazines, were synthesized and evaluated for antineoplastic and trypanocidal activities in mice. 1-Methyl-1,2,2-tris(methylsulfonyl)hydrazine emerged as an extremely efficacious antitrypanosomal agent, whereas 1-(2-chloroethyl)-1,2,2-tris(methylsulfonyl)hydrazine was(More)
Cloretazine (VNP40101M; 101M; 1,2-bis(methylsulfonyl)-1-(2-chloroethyl)-2-[(methylamino)carbonyl]hydrazine) is a sulfonylhydrazine prodrug that generates both chloroethylating and carbamoylating species on activation. To explore the molecular mechanisms underlying the broad anticancer activity observed in preclinical studies, cloretazine and(More)