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Barrett's esophagus is a premalignant condition arising in response to chronic reflux esophagitis. Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS; NOS-2) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) are mediators of inflammation and regulators of epithelial cell growth. Expression levels of iNOS and COX-2 are high in colorectal adenomas and carcinomas, and COX-2 expression is(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 are important regulators of mucosal inflammation and epithelial cell growth. To determine the role of iNOS and COX-2 in Helicobacter pylori-induced tissue injury, we compared their gene expression in H. pylori-induced gastritis with that in normal gastric mucosa and in(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Helicobacter pylori uniquely colonizes the human stomach and produces gastric mucosal inflammation. High-output nitric oxide production by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is associated with immune activation and tissue injury. Because mononuclear cells comprise a major part of the cellular inflammatory response to H. pylori(More)
Microvascular endothelial cells play a key role in inflammation by undergoing activation and recruiting circulating immune cells into tissues and foci of inflammation, an early and rate-limiting step in the inflammatory process. We have previously [Binion et al., Gastroenterology112:1898-1907, 1997] shown that human intestinal microvascular endothelial(More)
Advanced Scout is a PC-based data mining application used by National Basketball Association (NBA) coaching staffs to discover interesting patterns in basketball game data. We describe Advanced Scout software from the perspective of data mining and knowledge discovery. This paper highlights the pre-processing of raw data that the program performs, describes(More)
Increased nitric oxide (NO) production by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) has been associated with intestinal inflammation, including human inflammatory bowel disease. However, NO can downregulate endothelial activation and leukocyte adhesion, critical steps in the inflammatory response. Using primary cultures of human intestinal microvascular(More)
Human colon adenocarcinoma (Caco-2) cells express both intrinsic factor-cobalamin receptor and transcobalamin II (TC II). The expression of these activities began to rise by day 6 and reached peak levels between 10 and 15 days in culture. The postconfluent Caco-2 cell membranes bound approximately 30-35 fmol of intrinsic factor (IF) [57Co]Cbl/mg protein.(More)
Bovine, human, and rat cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptors (CI-MPRs) are capable of binding both mannose 6-phosphate and insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II). However, the receptor isolated from either chicken or frog lacks the high affinity IGF-II-binding site. To determine whether CI-MPRs isolated from a species that is closely related to(More)
Ligand binding activity of intrinsic factor-cobalamin receptor (IFCR) was determined in homogenates and isolated brush-border membranes (BBM) of ileum and kidney from dogs exhibiting simple autosomal recessive inheritance of selective cobalamin malabsorption (Fyfe, J. C., Giger, U., Hall, C. A., Jezyk, P. F., Klumpp, S. A., Levine, J. S., and Patterson, D.(More)
Transfection of cDNA for IL-10 into line 66.1 murine mammary tumor cells results in marked suppression of tumor growth and metastasis. Others have reported that nitric oxide has potent antitumor activity and IL-10 is known to regulate the inducible isoform of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expressed in macrophages. We identified nitric oxide production in(More)