Krishnakumar Devadas

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Autophagy plays important roles during innate and adaptive immune responses to pathogens, including virus infection. Viruses develop ways to subvert the pathway for their own benefit in order to escape restriction by autophagy, leading to increased viral replication and/or control over apoptosis of their host cells. The effects of HIV infection on the(More)
Hemin, a critical component of hemoglobin, is an active ingredient of a biologic therapeutic approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of acute porphyries. This report describes a biological function of this molecule in inducing host defense against HIV-1 infection via heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) induction. Treatment of monocytes with hemin(More)
BACKGROUND Since the identification of xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus (XMRV) in prostate cancer patients in 2006 and in chronic fatigue syndrome patients in 2009, conflicting findings have been reported regarding its etiologic role in human diseases and prevalence in general populations. In this study, we screened both plasma and peripheral(More)
Interleukin-16 (IL-16) is secreted by activated CD8+ T lymphocytes and acts on CD4+ T lymphocytes, monocytes and eosinophils. Recently, the C-terminal 130-amino acid portion of IL-16 was shown to suppress HIV-1 replication in vitro. To explore the potential of human IL-16 for gene therapy, this portion was transfected into HIV-1-susceptible CD4+ Jurkat(More)
Viral latency is a long-term pathogenic condition in patients infected with HIV-1. Low but sustained virus replication in chronically infected cells can be activated by stimulation with proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, or other host factors. However, the precise mechanism by which cellular activation induces latently infected cells to(More)
XMRV is a gammaretrovirus first identified in prostate tissues of Prostate Cancer (PC) patients and later in the blood cells of patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). Although XMRV is thought to use XPR1 for cell entry, it infects A549 cells that do not express XPR1, suggesting usage of other receptors or co-receptors. To study the usage of different(More)
INTRODUCTION XMRV is a gammaretrovirus that was thought to be associated with prostate cancer (PC) and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) in humans until recently. The virus is culturable in various cells of human origin like the lymphocytes, NK cells, neuronal cells, and prostate cell lines. MicroRNAs (miRNA), which regulate gene expression, were so far not(More)
BACKGROUND The HIV epidemic is expanding worldwide with an increasing number of distinct viral subtypes and circulating recombinant forms (CRFs). Out of 34 million adults living with HIV and AIDS, women account for one half of all HIV-1 infections worldwide. These gender differences in HIV pathogenesis may be attributed to sex hormones. Little is known(More)
BACKGROUND Retroviruses rely on host factors for cell entry, replication, transcription, and other major steps during their life cycle. Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) is well known for utilizing a plethora of strategies to evade the host immune response, including the establishment of latent infection within a subpopulation of susceptible cells.(More)
HIV-1 replication is inhibited in T cells transfected with an anti-gp41 single chain antibody (ScFv) or IL-16. These two molecules target totally different events in the HIV-1 replication cycle. The present study shows that HIV-1 replication is inhibited to a substantially greater extent and for a longer duration in cells transfected with both anti-gp41 and(More)