Krishna Vasudeva Rao

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Selected flavonoids were tested for their ability to inhibit the catalytic activity of DNA topoisomerase (topo) I and II. Myricetin, quercetin, fisetin, and morin were found to inhibit both enzymes, while phloretin, kaempferol, and 4',6,7-trihydroxyisoflavone inhibited topo II without inhibiting topo I. Flavonoids demonstrating potent topo I and II(More)
A series of studies pertaining to perinatal carcinogenesis have been reviewed. Their main objective was development and definition of a sensitivity biologic model for carcinogenicity screening. Data were summarized on factors modifying the carcinogenic response of various tissues following transplacental, neonatal-infant, or adult exposure of (B57BL/6J X(More)
The metastatic capabilities of well-defined nodular hepatic lesions induced by benzo(a)pyrene, ethylnitrosourea, benzidine.2HCl, and diethylnitrosamine were evaluated. Coded liver and lung tissues from 1264 treated C57BL/6J x C3HeB/FeJ F1 mice were assessed independently for the presence of primary nodular lesions and metastases, respectively. Primary(More)
The hamster cheek pouch (HCP) serves as an excellent model system not only for the studies on initiation and promotion but also for the modulation of experimental oral carcinogenesis. In our studies, HCPs treated with 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) showed both cheek pouch and stomach papillomas. Utilizing this model system, we tested and compared the(More)
In vivo studies were conducted to compare the activity of three non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs as inhibitors of urinary bladder carcinogenesis induced in B6D2F1 (BDF) mice by N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl)nitrosamine (OH-BBN). Mice received continuous dietary exposure to non-toxic doses of aspirin, sulindac or ketoprofen beginning 1 week prior to the(More)
A chemoprevention study was conducted to evaluate the activity of 9-cis-retinoic acid (9-cis-RA) as an inhibitor of prostate carcinogenesis in male Wistar-Unilever (HsdCpb:Wu) rats. After pretreatment with a sequential regimen of cyproterone acetate (50 mg/kg/day for 21 days) and testosterone propionate (100 mg/kg/day for 3 days), groups of 40 rats received(More)
The anticarcinogenic efficacy of the polyamine biosynthesis inhibitor, alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), was assessed in three rodent models of human epithelial cancer. In DMBA-induced female, Sprague-Dawley rats, DMFO treatment (3.2 or 6.4 g/kg diet) for 180 days significantly inhibited mammary carcinogenesis and reduced tumor-related intercurrent(More)
The modifying roles of age, sex, and strain of mice on the incidence, multiplicity, and spectrum of tumors induced by benzo(a)pyrene have been investigated. The first-generation (F1) hybrids of C57BL/6J X C3HeB/FeJ and C3HEB/Fej X A/J mice of both sexes were given single i.p. injections (75 or 150 mug/g) of benzo(a)pyrene at 1, 15, or 42 days of age.(More)