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BACKGROUND Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe dehydrating gastroenteritis in developing countries. Safe, effective, and affordable rotavirus vaccines are needed in these countries. We aimed to assess the efficacy and tolerability of a monovalent human-bovine rotavirus vaccine for severe rotavirus gastroenteritis in low-resource urban and rural(More)
BACKGROUND Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) is responsible for a net uptake of sodium chloride and water from the gastrointestinal tract and maintains electrolyte and water homeostasis. However, its status in human inflammatory bowel disease such as ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) remains poorly understood. OBJECTIVES To investigate the role of(More)
The influence of flower extract of Jasminum grandiflorum was studied for its wound healing activity at a dose of 250 mg/kg body weight, using excision and dead space wound models in rats. The animals were divided into three groups in excision wound model, the controls (n=10) were treated with 0.25% CM cellulose, reference standard (n=10) were treated with(More)
The hepatoprotective activity of methanolic extract of Solena amplexicaulis (SAME) (Lam.) Gandhi (Cucurbitaceae) at doses of 250 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg were evaluated by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) intoxication in rats. The toxic group which received CCl 4 (0.3 ml/kg of CCl 4 dissolved in 1:1 ratio in olive oil by subcutaneous (s.c) alone exhibited significant(More)
UNLABELLED Rotavirus gastroenteritis is one of the leading causes of diarrhea in Indian children less than 2 years of age. The 116E rotavirus strain was developed as part of the Indo-US Vaccine Action Program and has undergone efficacy trials. This paper reports the efficacy and additional safety data in children up to 2 years of age. In a double-blind(More)
Sludge from common effluent treatment plant (CETP) receiving effluents from textile industries at Mandia Road, Pali, was analyzed to assess the level of mutagenicity. Mutagenicity assay using Salmonella typhimurium tester strains TA 98 and TA 100 gave positive results, thus suggesting presence of genotoxic contaminants in the samples investigated. Further,(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS To determine whether an endoscopic sphincterotomy affects outcome in patients with symptomatic gallstones, elevated liver function tests and a normal common bile duct on endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatogram. METHODOLOGY A total of 163 patients with symptomatic gallstones and elevated liver function tests, and found to have a normal(More)
Non communicable diseases (NCDs) are now the major cause of death and disability worldwide. It increasingly affects people from developing as well as developed countries. Over the coming decades the burden from NCDs is projected to rise particularly fast in the developing world. There is a lack of optimal data collection about the burden of risk factors(More)
As an alternative to radioimmunoassays, a simple, highly sensitive and quick enzymeimmunoassay (EIA) for determination of cortisol in blood plasma of yaks on microtiterplates using second antibody coating technique and cortisol-horseradish peroxidase as a label has been developed. The wells of the microtiterplate were coated with affinity-purified goat IgG(More)
The objective of this study were (1) to establish the duration of behavioral estrus signs and timing of ovulation in Murrah buffaloes (n = 10) and (2) to determine relationship between behavioral estrus signs with change in plasma estrogen concentrations. Estrus and its behavioral signs were detected at hourly intervals by visual observations, per recta(More)