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Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and hyperaldosteronism are very common in subjects with resistant hypertension. We hypothesized that aldosterone-mediated chronic fluid retention may influence OSA severity in patients with resistant hypertension. We tested this in an open-label evaluation by assessing the changes in the severity of OSA in patients with(More)
Observational studies indicate a significant relation between dietary sodium and level of blood pressure. However, the role of salt sensitivity in the development of resistant hypertension is unknown. The present study examined the effects of dietary salt restriction on office and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure in subjects with resistant hypertension.(More)
BACKGROUND Resistant hypertension is a common clinical problem and greatly increases the risk of target organ damage. METHODS We evaluated the characteristics of 279 consecutive patients with resistant hypertension (uncontrolled despite the use of 3 antihypertensive agents) and 53 control subjects (with normotension or hypertension controlled by using(More)
BACKGROUND Aldosterone excess has been reported to be a common cause of resistant hypertension. To what degree this represents true treatment resistance is unknown. OBJECTIVE The present study aimed to compare the 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) levels in resistant hypertensive patients with or without hyperaldosteronism. METHODS Two(More)
Experimental data indicate that the cardiorenal effects of aldosterone excess are dependent on concomitant high dietary salt intake. Such an interaction of endogenous aldosterone and dietary salt has not been observed previously in humans. We assessed the hypothesis that excess aldosterone and high dietary sodium intake combine to worsen proteinuria in(More)
We have shown previously that patients with resistant hypertension and hyperaldosteronism have increased brain natriuretic peptide suggestive of increased intravascular volume. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that hyperaldosteronism contributes to cardiac volume overload. Thirty-seven resistant hypertensive patients with hyperaldosteronism(More)
Resistant hypertension is defined as blood pressure (BP) that remains uncontrolled in spite of the use of >/=3 antihypertensive medications. Stricter BP goals, higher obesity rates, older age, and increased use of exogenous BP-elevating substances are related to an increasing prevalence of resistant hypertension. The evaluation of patients with resistant(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to define the mechanism of preserved ejection fraction (EF) despite depressed myocardial strains in hypertension (HTN). BACKGROUND Concentric left ventricular (LV) remodeling in HTN may have normal or supranormal EF despite depressed myocardial strains. The reason for such discordance is not clear. The aim of this(More)
We have previously shown rapid reversal of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) with 6 months of spironolactone therapy in patients with resistant hypertension (HTN), preserved left ventricular ejection fraction and no history of heart failure. In this substudy, we investigated the effect of mineralocorticoid receptor blockade with spironolactone on(More)
BACKGROUND We previously described a significant correlation between plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) and severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients with resistant hypertension. This investigation examines the relationship between aldosterone status and OSA in patients with resistant hypertensive-with and without hyperaldosteronism. (More)