Krishna Chaithanya Batchu

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REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY Equine summer eczema, also known as insect bite hypersensitivity, affects horses recurrently during summer months. The treatment of this allergic pruritus is difficult and therefore there is a need for efficacious treatments. Autoserum therapy, based on the use of autogenous serum that is specifically prepared for oral(More)
To better understand the principles underlying the substrate specificity of A-type phospholipases (PLAs), a high throughput mass spectrometric assay was employed to study the effect of acyl chain length and unsaturation of phospholipids on their rate of hydrolysis by three different secretory PLAs in micelles and vesicle bilayers. With micelles, each enzyme(More)
OSBP-related protein 8 (ORP8) encoded by Osbpl8 is an endoplasmic reticulum sterol sensor implicated in cellular lipid metabolism. We generated an Osbpl8(-/-) (KO) C57Bl/6 mouse strain. Wild-type and Osbpl8KO animals at the age of 13-weeks were fed for 5 weeks either chow or high-fat diet, and their plasma lipids/lipoproteins and hepatic lipids were(More)
Cytosolic phospholipase A2 alpha (cPLA2α) plays a key role in signaling in mammalian cells by releasing arachidonic acid (AA) from glycerophospholipids (GPLs) but the factors determining the specificity of cPLA2α for AA-containing GPLs are not well understood. Accordingly, we investigated those factors by determining the activity of human cPLA2α towards a(More)
Lipids have become an important target for searching new biomarkers typical of different autoimmune and allergic diseases. The most common allergic dermatitis of the horse is related to stings of insects and is known as insect bite hypersensitivity (IBH) or summer eczema, referring to its recurrence during the summer months. This intense pruritus has(More)
Phosphatidylinositol (PI) is the precursor of many important signaling molecules in eukaryotic cells and, most probably, PI also has important functions in cellular membranes. However, these functions are poorly understood, which is largely due to that i) only few PI species with specific acyl chains are available commercially and ii) there are no simple(More)
The A-type phospholipases (PLAs) are key players in glycerophospholipid (GPL) homeostasis and in mammalian cells; Ca(2+)-independent PLA-β (iPLAβ) in particular has been implicated in this essential process. However, the regulation of this enzyme, which is necessary to avoid futile competition between synthesis and degradation, is not understood. Recently,(More)
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