Krishna C. Agrawal

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The antiapoptotic response and enhanced cellular proliferation observed in neoplastic cells on overexpression of metallothionein (MT) have been well documented. We have investigated the mechanisms associated with this phenomenon by using MT inducers that increased MT transcripts and stimulated growth in MCF-7 cells. A MT antisense phosphorothioate(More)
The chemokine stromal-derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1alpha/CXCL-12) and its receptor, CXCR4, play a crucial role in adhesion and transendothelium migration (TEM) of prostate cancer cells. We tested the hypothesis that enhanced expression of CXCR4 in prostate cancer cells is dependent upon SDF-1alpha-mediated activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB).(More)
Zidovudine is metabolized to an inactive 5'-glucuronide and has a short plasma half-life requiring frequent dosing. The present study in six patients without symptoms who were infected with human immunodeficiency virus was undertaken to determine if coadministration of valproic acid which, like zidovudine, is metabolized by glucuronidation, would alter(More)
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has significantly improved the prognosis of HIV-1-infected patients but is associated with significant side effects such as diabetes, atherosclerosis, and cardiovascular complications. Oxidative stress can disrupt endothelial homeostasis by dysregulating the balance between pro- and antiatherogenic factors. We(More)
Recent evidence has demonstrated an appreciable expression of metallothionein (MT) in erythrocytes. However, the induction of the MT protein by hematopoietic growth factors and its subsequent functional significance on clonal expansion or differentiation of erythroid progenitor cells remain elusive. We therefore examined the effects of growth factors(More)
We have measured the expression of T-type Ca2+ channel mRNA in breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7 (ERalpha+) using Western blot and quantitative real-time PCR (Q-RT-PCR). These results revealed that the MCF-7 cells express both alpha1G and alpha1H isoforms of T-type Ca2+ channels. In order to further clarify the role of T-type Ca2+ channels in proliferation,(More)
SOX9, a high mobility group (HMG) box transcription factor, is required for development, differentiation and lineage commitment. It is known to exert its effects through nuclear translocation, such as cell cycle changes in response to retinoic acid treatment in breast cancer cells. However, it is not known whether SOX9 has prognostic significance in human(More)
Long-term use of HIV-1 protease inhibitors (PIs) is associated with a lipodystrophy syndrome. To delineate the associated mechanisms, adipogenesis was determined in 3T3-L1 cells in the presence or absence of either indinavir (2-50 microg/ml) or ritonavir (0.4-10 microg/ml). A concentration-dependent decrease in both lipid (4-59%) and triglyceride (11-49%)(More)
The highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) regimen has considerably reduced the mortality rate in HIV-1 positive patients. However, long-term exposure to HAART is associated with a metabolic syndrome manifesting cardiovascular dysfunction, lipodystrophy, and insulin resistance syndrome (IRS). The inclusion of HIV-1 protease inhibitors (PIs) in HAART(More)