Krishna Balaji Sainis

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Plumbagin inhibited activation, proliferation, cytokine production, and graft-versus-host disease in lymphocytes and inhibited growth of tumor cells by suppressing nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB). Plumbagin was also shown to induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in tumor cells via an unknown mechanism. Present report describes a novel role of(More)
Vanillin, a plant derived natural product, used as food flavoring agent and its positional isomer o-vanillin, have been tested for their ability to scavenge 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Trolox, a water-soluble analogue of vitamin E and a well-known antioxidant was used as a reference(More)
Acute as well as fractionated whole body exposures to low doses (< 50 cGy) of ionizing radiation (LDR) have been reported to alter several immunological parameters in experimental animals. It is, however, not clear whether the augmentation of immune response by LDR will be observed for all responses and across genetic barriers. Since several proteins(More)
Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ), a bacterial redox co-factor and antioxidant, is highly reactive with nucleophilic compounds present in biological fluids. PQQ induced apoptosis in human promonocytic leukemia U937 cells and this was accompanied by depletion of the major cellular antioxidant glutathione and increase in intracellular reactive oxygen species(More)
A mononuclear 1:1 copper complex of curcumin had been found to be superior to curcumin in its anti-oxidant properties. This paper describes the radio-protective effects of the complex in splenic lymphocytes from swiss mice. The complex was found to be very effective in protecting the cells against radiation-induced suppression of glutathione peroxidase,(More)
Plumbagin has been reported to modulate cellular redox status and suppress NF-κB. In the present study, we investigated the effect of plumbagin on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced endotoxic shock, oxidative stress and inflammatory parameters in vitro and in vivo. Plumbagin inhibited LPS-induced nitric oxide, TNF-α, IL-6 and prostaglandin-E2 production in a(More)
A bacterial strain producing a novel prodigiosin analogue 2,2'-[3-methoxy-1'amyl-5'-methyl-4-(1''-pyrryl)] dipyrrylmethene (MAMPDM) possessing potent cytotoxic activity towards cancer cells was isolated and identified. The bacterial cells were spherical and occurred singly, and some of the biochemical tests matched with Micrococcus. Therefore, the isolate(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the present investigation was to study the effect of fractionated whole body low dose ionizing radiation (LDR) on the functional responses of T lymphocytes, their subpopulations and macrophages. MATERIALS AND METHODS C57BL/6 mice were exposed to 4 cGy from a (60)Co source, at 0.31 cGy/min, at 24 h intervals for 5 days (total dose 20(More)
Tylophora alkaloids have been shown to have antiasthmatic, antiinflammatory and antianaphylactic properties. Since all these disorders are a consequence of altered immunological status, the effect of these alkaloids on model immune reactions were studied. Crude extract of the leaves of Tylophora indica inhibited delayed hypersensitivity reaction to sheep(More)
Prolonged oxidative stress favors tumorigenic environment and inflammation. Oxidative stress may trigger redox adaptation mechanism(s) in tumor cells but not normal cells. This may increase levels of intracellular antioxidants and establish a new redox homeostasis. Nrf-2, a master regulator of battery of antioxidant genes is constitutively activated in many(More)