Krishen Wadhwani

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Unanesthetized adult male rats were infused intravenously with solutions containing 54Mn (II) and one of six concentrations of stable Mn(II). The infusion was timed to produce a near constant [Mn] in plasma for up to 20 min. Plasma was collected serially and on termination of the experiment, samples of CSF, eight brain regions, and choroid plexus (CP) were(More)
Cationic amino acids are transported from blood into brain by a saturable carrier at the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The transport properties of this carrier were examined in the rat using an in situ brain perfusion technique. Influx into brain via this system was found to be sodium independent and followed Michaelis-Menten kinetics with half-saturation(More)
Blood-nerve barrier tissues (endoneurial blood vessels and perineurium) of the frog's sciatic nerve were studied during chronic Wallerian degeneration to determine whether barrier function depends on the presence of intact axons. Sciatic nerves of adult frogs were transected in the abdominal cavity; the ends were tied to prevent regeneration and the distal(More)
Adrenergic innervation of tibial and vagus nerves was studied after 1-16 weeks duration of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes in rats. Sucrose-phosphate glyoxylic acid (SPG) histochemistry and the formaldehyde-induced fluorescence (FIF) method were used to demonstrate adrenergic nerve fibers in the epi-perineurial and endoneurial compartments. Densities(More)
When beta-amyloid-(1-40) is added to PC12 cells, there is an increase in choline conductance that is proportional to the beta-amyloid concentration. If a similar effect occurs in cholinergic brain cells of Alzheimer's disease patients, the intracellular choline concentration would be reduced, leading to a decrease in the production of acetylcholine. This(More)
The permeability-surface area product (PA) of [3H]- or [14C]sucrose at the blood-nerve barrier (BNB) of the sciatic nerve; and at the blood-brain barrier (BBB), were determined in Fischer-344 rats at 3, 11 and 31 months of age. PA was determined by using an in vivo i.v. bolus injection of radiotracer with two-time point graphic and quantitative(More)
Perineurial permeabilities to [3H]sucrose and [14C]dextran (MW = 70,000), and water content, conduction velocity (CV) and maximum amplitude (MAP) of the compound action potential, were determined in Wallerian degenerated nerves (sciatic or tibial) of the frog and compared with values in the contralateral uncut nerves. Three days after transection of the(More)
Adrenergic innervation of epiperineurial arterioles and of the endoneurium of the tibial and vagus nerves of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive controls (WKY) was studied by glyoxylic acid-induced fluorescence and paraformaldehyde-induced fluorescence methods. Adrenergic perivascular innervation of epiperineurial arterioles in both(More)
Nerve water content and the permeability-surface area product (PA) to [3H]-or [14C]sucrose at the blood-nerve barrier were determined in unanesthetized control rats fed a normal diet and in rats fed galactose with or without an aldose reductase inhibitor (Statil or AL 1576) or a thromboxane synthetase inhibitor (CGS 12970). Nerve water content was(More)
Adrenergic nerve fibers innervating blood vessels in the epi-perineurium and endoneurium of the tibial and vagus nerves of male Fischer-344 rats of different ages were examined using formaldehyde-induced fluorescence technique and fluorescence microscopy. Between 6 and 24 months of age, no significant difference in the mean density of perivascular(More)