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The retrovirus integrase (IN) is responsible for integration of the reverse transcribed linear cDNA into the host DNA genome. First, IN cleaves a dinucleotide from the 3' OH blunt ends of the viral DNA exposing the highly conserved CA sequence in the recessed ends. IN utilizes the 3' OH ends to catalyze the concerted integration of the two ends into(More)
MUC13, a transmembrane mucin, is normally expressed in gastrointestinal and airway epithelium. Its aberrant expression has been correlated with gastric colon and cancer. However, the expression and functions of MUC13 in ovarian cancer are unknown. In the present study, the expression profile and functions of MUC13 were analyzed to elucidate its potential(More)
APOBEC3G is a single-stranded DNA cytosine deaminase that comprises part of the innate immune response to viruses and transposons. Although APOBEC3G is the prototype for understanding the larger mammalian polynucleotide deaminase family, no specific chemical inhibitors exist to modulate its activity. High-throughput screening identified 34 compounds that(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integrase (IN) inserts the viral DNA genome into host chromosomes. Here, by native agarose gel electrophoresis, using recombinant IN with a blunt-ended viral DNA substrate, we identified the synaptic complex (SC), a transient early intermediate in the integration pathway. The SC consists of two donor ends(More)
Human transcriptional coactivator p75/lens epithelium-derived growth factor (LEDGF) binds human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integrase (IN). We studied the effects of LEDGF on the assembly and activity of HIV-1 synaptic complexes, which, upon association with a target, mediate concerted integration of viral DNA substrates in vitro. We found that(More)
A macromolecular nucleoprotein complex in retrovirus-infected cells, termed the preintegration complex, is responsible for the concerted integration of linear viral DNA genome into host chromosomes. Isolation of sufficient quantities of the cytoplasmic preintegration complexes for biochemical and biophysical analysis is difficult. We investigated the(More)
Integration of the reverse-transcribed viral DNA into the host genome is an essential step in the life cycle of retroviruses. Retrovirus integrase catalyses insertions of both ends of the linear viral DNA into a host chromosome. Integrase from HIV-1 and closely related retroviruses share the three-domain organization, consisting of a catalytic core domain(More)