Kris Harms

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AIMS To compare treatment regimens of two widely used natural surfactant preparations Curosurf and Survanta in respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). METHODS The effects of the two treatment regimens on gas exchange, ventilatory requirements, and 28 day outcome in infants with RDS were compared. Seventy five preterm infants (birth weight 700-1500 g) with(More)
OBJECTIVE Connatal pneumonia caused by group B streptococcal (GBS) infection may be associated with surfactant dysfunction. We investigated the effects of surfactant treatment in term and preterm neonates with GBS infection and respiratory failure, in comparison with corresponding data from a control population of noninfected infants treated with surfactant(More)
There is now convincing evidence that the severity of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome can be reduced by surfactant replacement therapy; however, the optimal therapeutic regimen has not been defined. This randomized European multicenter trial was designed to determine whether the beneficial effects of a single large dose of Curosurf (200 mg/kg) in(More)
This study evaluated possible acute effects of neutrophil elastase on neonatal pulmonary morbidity. The activity of free elastase and alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor as well as concentrations of elastase-alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor in tracheal aspirate fluid of neonates with severe respiratory distress syndrome (fraction of inspired oxygen > 0.6, mechanical(More)
SUMMARY. Continuous therapy with antistaphylococcal antibiotics is advocated by some cystic fibrosis (CF) centers, but it is unclear whether this strategy favors early colonization with P. aeruginosa. We used the data base for the German Centers of the European Registry for Cystic Fibrosis (ERCF) to assess the effect of continuous antistaphyloccocal therapy(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the effectiveness of amoxicillin prophylaxis in the prevention of catheter-related infections. METHOD We performed a randomized, controlled, sequential, prospective trial in newborn infants undergoing percutaneous central venous catheterization. RESULTS Seventy-five infants (median birth weight, 1240 gm; median age at catheter(More)
Data from 4081 vaginal deliveries (no caesarean sections) were analyzed retrospectively (IBM 730/158) with regard to duration of second and "final stage" of labour and fetal outcome (acid-base balance and apgar scores). The average duration of the two periods amounted to 22.8+/-29.6 and 9.9+/-7.8 min. Mean pH (UA) was 7.268+/-0.084 and the acidotic risk (pH(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the efficiency of a heated humidifier and a heat and moisture exchanger in mechanically ventilated neonates and infants. DESIGN Prospective, controlled, clinical study. SETTING University pediatric intensive care unit. PATIENTS Forty neonates and infants who needed mechanical ventilation were enrolled in the study. INTERVENTIONS(More)
In the past three years five premature very low birth weight infants (VLBW, birth weight 720-1,300 g) developed spontaneous localized perforations of the small intestine during the second week after birth. There was no evidence of intestinal obstruction or necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). The clinical presentation and laboratory values as well as the(More)
Small pre-term neonates are susceptible to cutaneous aspergillosis because of their immature immune system and because of the vulnerability of their skin. In addition, the common therapy with broad-spectrum antibiotic drugs and corticoids creates a favourable milieu for fungal superinfections. We present four pre-term neonates who succumbed to cutaneous(More)