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Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a fatal disease in Asia. Pigs are considered to be the effective amplifying host for JEV in the peridomestic environment. Bali Island and Java Island in Indonesia provide a model to assess the effect of pigs on JEV transmission, since the pig density is nearly 100-fold higher in Bali than Java, while the geographic and(More)
The resistance of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes to insecticides threatens dengue virus control efforts. In this study, Ae. aegypti larvae collected from 12 subdistricts in Surabaya, Indonesia, where dengue is endemic, were tested for resistance to the organophosphate, temephos. Susceptibility testing, performed according to World Health Organization (WHO)(More)
Dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever are important diseases worldwide. Although antibody-dependent enhancement of infection has been proposed as a mechanism for increased disease severity, enhancing antibodies in endemic people have not been thoroughly investigated. Recently, we established a serological assay system to measure the balance of enhancing(More)
Indonesia has annually experienced approximately 100,000 reported cases of dengue fever (DF) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) in recent years. However, epidemiological surveys of dengue viruses (DENVs) have been limited in this country. In Surabaya, the second largest city, a single report indicated that dengue virus type 2 (DENV2) was the predominant(More)
*Corresponding author: Present address: CRC-ERID, Institute of Tropical Disease, Airlangga University, Kampus C, UNAIR, Jl. Mulyorejo, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia. E-mail: paradios99@yahoo.co.jp **Endowed from The Research Foundation for Microbial Diseases of Osaka University, Osaka, Japan to Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Osaka,(More)
Indonesia is one of the biggest dengue endemic countries, and, thus, is an important place to investigate the evolution of dengue virus (DENV). We have continuously isolated DENV in Surabaya, the second biggest city in Indonesia, since 2008. We previously reported sequential changes in the predominant serotype from DENV type 2 (DENV-2) to DENV type 1(More)
Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a severe form of dengue fever (DF). Recent in vitro studies indicate that complement reduces the infection-enhancing activity of dengue antibodies, suggesting its in vivo role in controlling viremia levels and disease severity. In this study, the complement hemolytic activity (CH50) and levels of complement components and(More)
Four serotypes of dengue virus (DENV-1 to DENV-4) and their genotypes are distributed in tropical and subtropical regions. Indonesia has been recently suggested as the origin of some dengue virus genotypes. In Surabaya, the second biggest city of Indonesia, we previously reported a shift of the predominantly circulating serotype from DENV-2 to DENV-1 in(More)