Kris C. P. Vissers

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Substance P (SP) acts as a transmitter of nociception in both the peripheral and the central nervous system. Because the NK-1 receptors in gerbils are comparable to those in humans, gerbil models could be used to study the role of SP in neuropathic pain. A modification of the rat chronic constriction injury (CCI) model of neuropathic pain was produced in(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine, signaling intracellularly via its unique membrane-bound receptor IL-6R and gp130. In peripheral nerve injury models, IL-6 and IL-6R are increased at the injured nerve and the respective dorsal root ganglion. IL-6 is increased at the ipsilateral dorsal and ventral horn of the spinal cord. IL-6 is known to(More)
It is important to know the factors that will influence animal models of neuropathic pain. A good reproducibility and predictability in different strains of animals for a given test increases the clinical relevance and possible targeting. An obligatory requirement for enabling comparisons of results of different origin is a meticulous definition of the(More)
UNLABELLED Application of four loose ligatures to the sciatic nerve of a rat (chronic constriction injury [CCI]) induces clear hypersensitivity to non-noxious stimulation and chemical irritants. However, in this study, an injection of formalin in the hind paw of a rat with CCI-induced mononeuropathy resulted in an ipsilateral decreased flinching and licking(More)
UNLABELLED Cold and mechanical allodynia are important symptoms in patients with neuropathic pain. The study of cold allodynia in animals can help us to understand the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms of neuropathic pain and to validate drugs. The evaluation of cold allodynia in gerbils with a chronic constriction injury of the sciatic nerve on the(More)
Research on mechanisms of drug action, and preclinical screening of molecules with a potential activity on neuropathic pain requires extensive animal work. The chronic constriction injury model is one of the best-characterized models of neuropathic pain behavior in rats, but requires extensive time consuming operations and animal handling. The formalin test(More)
Stressful stimuli can activate the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal-axis and the endogenous opioid system. In addition, corticosterone and opioid release might cause analgesia. This rat study used adrenalectomy for corticosterone withdrawal and naloxone administration for opioid antagonism in order to study pain behavior and hypophyseal hormone release in the(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to investigate whether patients with persistent pain after breast cancer treatment show an enhanced and slowed dominant alpha activity in their electroencephalogram (EEG) recorded during rest in comparison with patients that also had undergone breast cancer treatment but do not have pain. METHODS The spontaneous(More)
BACKGROUND Although our understanding of nociceptive processing during anesthesia has increased greatly over the last decade, many patients still experience hyperalgesia and acute pain postoperatively. The noxious-induced withdrawal reflex (NIWR) model is specifically designed and validated to quantitatively study the reaction on painful, multimodal stimuli(More)