Krekwit Shinlapawittayatorn

Learn More
Chronic kidney disease progression can be predicted based on the degree of tubular atrophy, which is the result of proximal tubule apoptosis. The Na+/H+ exchanger NHE1 regulates proximal tubule cell survival through interaction with phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PI(4,5)P2], but pathophysiologic triggers for NHE1 inactivation are unknown. Because(More)
Tubular atrophy predicts chronic kidney disease progression, and is caused by proximal tubular epithelial cellcaused by proximal tubular epithelial cell (PTC) apoptosis. The normally quiescent Na(+)/H(+) exchanger-1 (NHE1) defends against PTC apoptosis, and is regulated by PI(4,5)P(2) binding. Because of the vast array of plasma membrane lipids, we(More)
BACKGROUND Right cervical vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) provides cardioprotective effects against acute ischemia-reperfusion injury in small animals. However, inconsistent findings have been reported. OBJECTIVE To determine whether low-amplitude, left cervical VNS applied either intermittently or continuously imparts cardioprotection against acute(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reported that vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) applied immediately at the onset of cardiac ischemia provides cardioprotection against cardiac ischemic-reperfusion (I/R) injury. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to determine whether VNS applied during ischemia or at the onset of reperfusion exerts differential cardioprotection against(More)
BACKGROUND Defects in the cardiac sodium channel gene, SCN5A, can cause a broad spectrum of inherited arrhythmia syndromes. After genotyping of a proband who presented with syncope, the SCN5A mutant P2006A and the common polymorphism H558R were identified. OBJECTIVE The main objective of this study was to determine whether the SCN5A-H558R polymorphism(More)
BACKGROUND Brugada syndrome (BrS) is an arrhythmogenic disorder that has been linked to mutations in SCN5A, the gene encoding for the pore-forming α-subunit of the cardiac sodium channel. Typically, BrS mutations in SCN5A result in a reduction of sodium current with some mutations even exhibiting a dominant-negative effect on wild-type (WT) channels, thus(More)
BACKGROUND Sildenafil citrate at supratherapeutic levels has been reported to decrease defibrillation efficacy. However, its effects on ventricular fibrillation induction and the upper limit of vulnerability (ULV) have not been investigated. We tested the hypothesis that sildenafil citrate reduces the ventricular fibrillation threshold (VFT) and increases(More)
Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) therapy was shown to improve peripheral insulin sensitivity. However, the effects of chronic VNS therapy on brain insulin sensitivity, dendritic spine density, brain mitochondrial function, apoptosis and cognition in obese-insulin resistant subjects have never been investigated. Male Wistar rats (n = 24) were fed with either a(More)
BACKGROUND Iron-overload cardiomyopathy is a major cause of death in thalassemia patients due to the lack of an early detection strategy. Although cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) T2* is used for early detection of cardiac iron accumulation, its availability is limited. Heart rate variability (HRV) has been used to evaluate cardiac autonomic function and(More)
Vpu, a component unique to HIV-1, greatly enhances the efficiency of viral particle release by unclear mechanisms. This Vpu function is intrinsically linked to its channel-like structure, which enables it to interfere with homologous transmembrane structures in infected cells. Because Vpu interacts destructively with host background K(+) channels that set(More)