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BACKGROUND Right cervical vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) provides cardioprotective effects against acute ischemia-reperfusion injury in small animals. However, inconsistent findings have been reported. OBJECTIVE To determine whether low-amplitude, left cervical VNS applied either intermittently or continuously imparts cardioprotection against acute(More)
Tubular atrophy predicts chronic kidney disease progression, and is caused by proximal tubular epithelial cellcaused by proximal tubular epithelial cell (PTC) apoptosis. The normally quiescent Na(+)/H(+) exchanger-1 (NHE1) defends against PTC apoptosis, and is regulated by PI(4,5)P(2) binding. Because of the vast array of plasma membrane lipids, we(More)
Chronic kidney disease progression can be predicted based on the degree of tubular atrophy, which is the result of proximal tubule apoptosis. The Na+/H+ exchanger NHE1 regulates proximal tubule cell survival through interaction with phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PI(4,5)P2], but pathophysiologic triggers for NHE1 inactivation are unknown. Because(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reported that vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) applied immediately at the onset of cardiac ischemia provides cardioprotection against cardiac ischemic-reperfusion (I/R) injury. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to determine whether VNS applied during ischemia or at the onset of reperfusion exerts differential cardioprotection against(More)
BACKGROUND Defects in the cardiac sodium channel gene, SCN5A, can cause a broad spectrum of inherited arrhythmia syndromes. After genotyping of a proband who presented with syncope, the SCN5A mutant P2006A and the common polymorphism H558R were identified. OBJECTIVE The main objective of this study was to determine whether the SCN5A-H558R polymorphism(More)
Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) therapy was shown to improve peripheral insulin sensitivity. However, the effects of chronic VNS therapy on brain insulin sensitivity, dendritic spine density, brain mitochondrial function, apoptosis and cognition in obese-insulin resistant subjects have never been investigated. Male Wistar rats (n = 24) were fed with either a(More)
BACKGROUND A previous study demonstrated that supra-therapeutic concentration of sildenafil citrate attenuates defibrillation efficacy. However, the effect of combined sildenafil and NTG administration on defibrillation efficacy is not known. OBJECTIVE The present study investigated whether sildenafil administration at the therapeutic level increases the(More)
BACKGROUND Sildenafil citrate at supratherapeutic levels has been reported to decrease defibrillation efficacy. However, its effects on ventricular fibrillation induction and the upper limit of vulnerability (ULV) have not been investigated. We tested the hypothesis that sildenafil citrate reduces the ventricular fibrillation threshold (VFT) and increases(More)
BACKGROUND Brugada syndrome (BrS) is an arrhythmogenic disorder that has been linked to mutations in SCN5A, the gene encoding for the pore-forming α-subunit of the cardiac sodium channel. Typically, BrS mutations in SCN5A result in a reduction of sodium current with some mutations even exhibiting a dominant-negative effect on wild-type (WT) channels, thus(More)
BACKGROUND Brugada syndrome (BrS) is associated with mutations in the cardiac sodium channel (Na(v)1.5). We previously reported that the function of a trafficking-deficient BrS Na(v)1.5 mutation, R282H, could be restored by coexpression with the sodium channel polymorphism H558R. Here, we tested the hypothesis that peptide fragments from Na(v)1.5, spanning(More)