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RATIONALE Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is increasingly recognized as a multicomponent disease with systemic consequences and effects on quality of life. Single measures such as lung function provide a limited reflection of how the disease affects patients. Composite measures have the potential to account for many of the facets of COPD. (More)
BACKGROUND A recent study has shown that osteoporosis and vertebral fractures are quite common in patients with advanced COPD and showed a significant relationship to the mortality of these patients. These results suggested that management of osteoporosis in advanced COPD is an important intervention. But whether patients with COPD who had never received(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the validity, discriminatory ability, and responsiveness of health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) questionnaires using a linear analog scale (Quality of Life (QOL) scale) for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN Cross-sectional and longitudinal. SETTING Outpatient. PARTICIPANTS One hundred two elderly subjects(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. COPD exacerbation, or episodic worsening of symptoms, often results in hospitalization and increased mortality rates. Airway infections by new bacterial strains, such as nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi), are a major cause of COPD exacerbation. NTHi express(More)
Surfactant protein D (SFTPD) induces emphysema in knockout mice, but the association of SFTPD with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and emphysema in humans is unclear. Therefore, we aimed to determine the association between genetic variations in SFTPD and susceptibility to COPD and emphysema.Two populations were studied: population A comprised(More)
This study evaluated the effects of body weight on both generic and disease-specific health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with COPD. A total of 83 patients with stable COPD were enrolled (mean age: 74.6 yr, mean FEV1: 1.29 L). Patients were divided into two groups according to body mass index (BMI) (UW group: BMI < or = 20, NW group: 20 < BMI(More)
BACKGROUND Although muscle loss is thought to be a prognostic factor in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), its determinants remain unclear. AIM To verify the hypothesis that fat-free mass (FFM) and fat mass (FM) are associated with the extent of emphysema in COPD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 112 stable, male current or ex-smokers(More)
BACKGROUND Prediction of future exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major concern for long-term management of this disease. AIM To determine which of three multidimensional assessment systems (the body mass index, obstruction, dyspnea, and exercise capacity [BODE] index; dyspnea, obstruction, smoking, exacerbations [DOSE](More)
OBJECTIVES The prevalence of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) tends to be greater in the elderly although the precise outcome is not known. The present study investigated the outcome of IPF in elderly patients whose pathological diagnosis corresponded to usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) on autopsy findings. METHODS In a consecutive autopsy series, (n(More)
The SERPINA1, SERPINA3, and SERPINE2 genes, which encode antiproteases, have been proposed to be susceptible genes for of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and related phenotypes. Whether they are associated with emphysema is not known. Twelve previously reported single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in SERPINA1 (rs8004738, rs17751769, rs709932,(More)