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A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, heterotrophic and salt-tolerant bacterium, designated strain LL-001(T), was isolated from a deep subseafloor sediment in Japanese waters. Cells were non-motile rods and colonies were smooth, convex, circular and vermilion. The conditions for growth were 15-35 °C, pH 5.5-7.5 and 1-8 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on(More)
“A meta-enzyme approach” is proposed as an ecological enzymatic method to explore the potential functions of microbial communities in extreme environments such as the deep marine subsurface. We evaluated a variety of extra-cellular enzyme activities of sediment slurries and isolates from a deep subseafloor sediment core. Using the new deep-sea drilling(More)
Two marine bacteria, designated strains MBE#61(T) and MBE#74(T), were isolated from a piece of sunken bamboo in the marine environment in Japan. Both of these strains were Gram-stain-negative, but had different cell shapes: MBE#61(T) was spiral, whereas MBE#74(T) was rod-shaped. The temperature, pH and salt concentration ranges for growth of strain(More)
A novel marine bacterial strain designated JAMH 011(T) was isolated from the cold-seep sediment in Sagami Bay, Japan. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming, aerobic chemo-organotrophs and motile by means of a single polar flagellum. Growth occurred at temperatures below 31 °C, with the optimum at 25 °C. The major respiratory quinone(More)
A novel filamentous bacterium, designated strain JIR-001(T), was isolated from hemipelagic sediment in deep seawater. This strain was non-motile, Gram-positive, aerobic, heterotrophic and thermophilic; colonies were of infinite form and ivory coloured with wrinkles between the centre and the edge of the colony on ISP2 medium. The isolate grew aerobically at(More)
A novel, facultatively anaerobic bacterium (strain JAM-BA0501(T)) was isolated from a deep subseafloor sediment sample at a depth of 247 m below seafloor off the Shimokita Peninsula of Japan in the north-western Pacific Ocean (Site C9001, 1180 m water depth). Cells of strain JAM-BA0501(T) were gram-negative, filamentous, non-spore-forming and motile on(More)
A moderately halophilic, slightly acidophilic, aerobic bacterium, designated strain YTM-1(T), was isolated from the body surface of Malacocottus gibber. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, short rods or cocci, approximately 0.9-1.1 µm long and 1.0-1.8 µm wide. Strain YTM-1(T) was able to grow with 1-30% NaCl (optimum, 7.5-10%, w/v), at 4-30 °C (optimum, 20-25(More)
A Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain K-1(T), was isolated from soil at a sucrose refinery in Japan. The strain grew at 9-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C) and at pH 6-11 (optimum, pH 7.0). Phylogenetic analysis based on the full-length 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain K-1(T) revealed that it was a member of the(More)
To explore a novel glycolipid, we performed biochemical reactions using a recombinant α-glucosidase from Geobacillus sp. which shows excellent transglycosylation reaction to hydroxyl groups in a variety of compounds. Two different glycolipids (GL-1 and GL-2) were prepared from ricinoleic acid using a recombinant α-glucosidase from Geobacillus sp. The(More)
A novel Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, heterotrophic, stalked and capsulated bacterium with potential denitrification ability, designated strain TAR-002(T), was isolated from deep seafloor sediment in Japan. Colonies lacked lustre, and were viscous and translucent white. The ranges of temperature, pH and salt concentration for growth were 8-30 °C, pH(More)