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Occludin is an integral membrane protein that is concentrated at tight junctions (zonulae occludentes) in simple epithelial cells. ZO-1 and ZO-2 are peripheral membrane proteins that are localized at tight junctions in simple epithelial cells and at cadherin-based adherens junctions in nonepithelial cells. In this study, we investigated the expression and(More)
We generated monoclonal antibody (mAb) DCGM4 by immunization with human dendritic cells (DC) from CD34+ progenitors cultured with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and TNF-alpha. mAb DCGM4 was selected for its reactivity with a cell surface epitope present only on a subset of DC. Reactivity was strongly enhanced by the Langerhans cell (LC)(More)
The blood-brain barrier (B-BB) protects the free passage of substances into the brain and maintains the homeostasis of the central nervous system. It is commonly accepted that astrocytes surrounding brain endothelial cells influence the B-BB formation and the exhibition of B-BB function of capillaries. To begin the in vitro study on the B-BB, it is(More)
Aquaporins (AQPs) are a family of water-selective transporting proteins with homology to the major intrinsic protein (MIP) of lens [Cell 39 (1984) 49], that increase plasma membrane water permeability in secretory and absorptive cells. In the central nervous system (CNS), we detected the transcripts of AQP3, 5 and 8 in addition to the previously reported(More)
Two cDNA isoforms of bovine aquaporin-4 (bAQP4-A and bAQP4-B) were newly isolated. Sequence analysis of both cDNAs revealed open reading frames of 972 (bAQP4-A) and 906 nucleotides (bAQP4-B) with deduced proteins of 323 (bAQP4-A) and 301 amino acid residues (bAQP4-B). Partial 5'-genomic sequence analysis showed that the 5'-noncoding sequences specific to(More)
Rat genomic regions covering c-myc were cloned from the DNA of both normal liver and two lines of Morris hepatomas, one of which had c-myc amplification. The three restriction maps showed perfect agreement within the overlapping regions. The 7 kb regions, which included the entire normal rat c-myc and the region 2.2 kb upstream, and one from the hepatomas,(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the usefulness of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) through the omental branch in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with blood supply from the omental branch. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifteen patients with HCC fed by the omental branch underwent TAE. All but one had previously undergone several therapies for HCC,(More)
We recently demonstrated that dendritic cells (DCs) can be generated from monocytes in the presence of high concentrations of human serum (HS), provided the extra-cellular pH is maintained at plasma values. Because monocyte-derived DCs (Mo-DCs) can also be generated in the presence of fetal calf serum (FCS) or serum-free medium, we have investigated whether(More)
The purpose of this investigation is to study the frequency of BRCA1 and BRCA2 germline mutations in Japanese breast cancer families. Mutation analysis of BRCA1 and BRCA2 by SSCP was conducted on the 113 breast cancer patients (probands) with at least 1 breast cancer (site-specific breast cancer families, n = 101) or 1 ovarian cancer (breast/ovarian cancer(More)
We compared two different types of postinfectious encephalopathy using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), including diffusion-weighted images and MR spectroscopy. Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) and acute necrotizing encephalopathy (ANE) showed different distribution of abnormal intensity areas and different diffusion of water measured by(More)