Learn More
Effects of okadaic acid (OA), a protein phosphatase inhibitor, on chromatin structure and phosphorylation of histones were examined using HeLa and N18 cells. The chromatin condensation in HeLa cells was mild and resemble prometaphase nuclei, while the condensation in N18 cells was extensive and chromatin became a compact body. H2A in HeLa cells was(More)
Mitochondria are the major site for the generation of ATP at the expense of molecular oxygen. Significant fractions (approximately 2%) of oxygen are converted to the superoxide radical and its reactive metabolites (ROS) in and around mitochondria. Although ROS have been known to impair a wide variety of biological molecules including lipids, proteins and(More)
It has been widely believed that undifferentiated human promyelocytic leukemia cells (HL-60) have no ability to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) responding to stimuli. We report here that undifferentiated HL-60 cells possess NADPH oxidase and that generation of superoxide can be measured using a highly sensitive chemiluminescence dye, L-012. Five(More)
Although cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) (cisplatin) is a potent anticancer drug, clinical use of this agent is highly limited predominantly because of its strong side effects on the kidney and gastrointestinal tracts. We found that cisplatin impaired respiratory function and DNA of mitochondria in renal proximal tubules and small intestinal mucosal(More)
We previously reported that the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is the initial event in cell death induced by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), an experimental model of Parkinsonism. Since recent studies suggested the important role of antioxidant activity of alpha-lipoic acid (LA) in the suppression of apoptosis of various types, we studied the(More)
We searched for possible sites of superoxide generation in the complex I segment of the respiratory chain by studying both forward and reverse electron transfer reactions in isolated rat heart mitochondria. Superoxide production was monitored by measuring the release of hydrogen peroxide from mitochondria with a fluorescence spectrophotometer using the(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to clarify the regulatory mechanism of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) synthesis mediated by 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) in human urothelial carcinoma (UC), leading to improved accuracy in photodynamic diagnosis and therapy using ALA. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN PpIX accumulation in cultured UC cells after incubation for 1-5 h with(More)
Recent studies demonstrated that the generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) was enhanced prior to the onset of mitochondrial membrane permeability transition (MPT), a critical step for the induction of DNA fragmentation and apoptosis. Although Ca2+ induces typical MPT that involves depolarization and swelling of mitochondria and finally(More)
We examined the effects of arachidonic acid (AA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and their ultraviolet (UV)-irradiated products on HL-60 cells and isolated mitochondria to explore the following four obscure points in the mechanism of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs)-induced apoptosis: (i). the role of reactive oxygen species, (ii). the interaction of PUFAs(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) induce apoptosis in a variety of cells, but the mechanism of this effect has not been fully elucidated. We report that diclofenac, a NSAID, induces growth inhibition and apoptosis of HL-60 cells through modulation of mitochondrial functions regulated by reactive oxygen species (ROS), Akt, caspase-8, and Bid. ROS(More)