Koyo Shono

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Buprenorphine is a mixed opioid receptor agonist-antagonist. Recently, buprenorphine was reported to act as an agonist to opioid receptor like-1 (ORL1) receptor. In the present study, we examined the role of spinal and supraspinal mu receptors and spinal and supraspinal ORL1 receptors in producing an analgesic effect by intrathecal (i.t.),(More)
Orexin-A has been reported to produce an analgesic effect in the hot plate test and in the inflammatory pain models. In the present study, the authors examined the effect of orexin-A on the mechanical allodynia induced by partial sciatic nerve ligation (a model of neuropathic pain) in the rat. Partial sciatic nerve ligation is created by tight ligation of(More)
Orexin-A and orexin-1 receptors are found in the dorsal root ganglion cells and the spinal dorsal horn and this suggests that orexin-A is involved in the spinal nociceptive transmission. The authors examined the effect of intrathecally administered orexin-A on the level of mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia induced by paw carrageenan injection in(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of extracellular endopeptidases that selectively degrade components of the extracellular matrix. In the present study, the authors examined the effect of intrathecal injection of MMP-2 on the nociceptive transmission during the rat formalin test (a model of inflammatory pain). The paw formalin injection induces(More)
Neuropeptide W-23 (NPW23) is an endogenous ligand of both GPR7 and GPR8, and neuropeptide B (NPB) is an endogenous ligand of GPR7. GPR7 mRNA has been detected in regions of the cortex, the hippocampus, the hypothalamus, and the spinal cord in the rat, but GPR8 has not been found in rodents. GPR7 and GPR8 receptors have structural features in common with(More)
Orexin-A and orexin-B are hypothalamic peptides. Orexin-A binds equally to both orexin-1 and orexin-2 receptors but orexin-B has a preferential affinity for orexin-2 receptor. In the spinal dorsal horn, orexins have been shown to be concentrated in the superficial laminae. In the present study, the authors examined the effect of spinally applied orexin-A(More)
Orexin-A and orexin-B are hypothalamic peptides and regulate feeding behavior, energy metabolism and the sleep-wake cycle. Orexin-A binds equally to both orexin-1 and orexin-2 receptors, while orexin-B has a preferential affinity for orexin-2 receptors. Orexin-A and orexin-B are concentrated in superficial laminae of the spinal dorsal horn, and orexin-A and(More)
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