Kousuke Fukazawa

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On the basis of evidence showing that instantaneous heart rate (IHR) of chick hatchlings responds to exposure to altered ambient temperature (Ta; Tazawa H, Moriya K, Tamura A, and Akiyama R. Comp Biochem Physiol A 131A: 797-803, 2002), we elucidate here the developmental timeline for the homeothermic response of HR in newly hatched chicks (days 0-7)(More)
BACKGROUND Rabeprazole sodium is a proton pump inhibitor. AIM To evaluate the efficacy and safety of 1-week triple therapy with rabeprazole, amoxycillin and clarithromycin for the eradication of Helicobacter pylori. METHODS A total of 100 subjects with H. pylori were randomly divided into two groups of 1-week triple therapy with rabeprazole 10 mg b.d.,(More)
Esophageal mucosal breaks in patients with Los Angeles (LA) grade A or B esophagitis are mainly found in the right anterior wall of the distal esophagus. The aim of this study was to reveal radial acid exposure in the distal esophagus and determine whether radial asymmetry of acid exposure is a possible cause of radially asymmetric distribution of the(More)
The effects of the prokinetic drug mosapride on esophageal motor activity vary at standard doses. In addition to esophageal motor activities, compliance of the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) is important for prevention of gastroesophageal reflux. However, the effects of mosapride on EGJ compliance have not been reported. Here, we investigated the effects of(More)
The pelvic region of random bred female ICR-JCL mice and CF1 mice was irradiated with various doses of X-rays at 1-week intervals to determine the relationship between the X-ray dose and induction of rectal carcinoma. The incidence of rectal carcinoma in ICR mice was zero after a single dose of 2,000 rad of X-rays, but 31% after a single dose of 3,000 rad,(More)
The resistance of Helicobacter pylori to antibiotics leaves great influence on treatment outcome. Routine antimicrobial susceptibility testing of H. pylori should be a simple, inexpensive and standardized method to be adopted. Agar and broth dilution techniques are difficult to perform and not practical. E-test and disk diffusion methods have the advantage(More)
Nizatidine and itopride hydrochloride inhibit cholinesterase activity and increase acetylcholine in the cholinergic nervous systems. The effect of nizatidine and itopride hydrochloride on esophageal motor function has not been determined, although these drugs are reported to increase gastric motility. Esophageal peristalsis between the upper esophageal(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS In Japan, it is customary to take a daily bath during which the body is immersed in water to the neck. During full-body immersion, hydrostatic pressure is thought to compress the chest and abdomen, which might influence esophageal motor function and intra-gastric pressure. However, whether water immersion has a significant influence on(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The sensitivity of the upper and lower esophageal mucosa to acid is considered to differ. We investigated the relationship between pH changes in different sites of the esophagus and generation of gastroesophageal reflux symptoms during an acid infusion test. METHODS An acid infusion catheter was placed at 5 or 15 cm above the lower(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Esophagogastric junctional lesions, such as mucosal breaks with Los Angeles grade A or B reflux esophagitis, lacerations in Mallory Weiss syndrome, and short segment Barrett's esophagus, are mainly found in the right anterior wall of the distal esophagus. Asymmetrical lower esophageal sphincter pressure and resting radial asymmetrical acid(More)