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The fractional anisotropy (FA) is calculated by using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) with multiple motion probing gradients (MPG). While FA has become a widely used tool to detect moderate changes in water diffusion in brain tissue, the measured value is sensitive to scan parameters (e.g. MPG-direction, signal to noise ratio, etc.). Therefore, it is(More)
OBJECT For several decades, clinicians have predicted intraparenchymal brain pressure or brain tissue compression indirectly based on the degree of distortion of the midline structures (midline shift) and ventricle wall (ventriculomegaly) observed on conventional MRI. However, this method has several limitations. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a novel(More)
Degenerative processes in the disc and facet joints affect the stability of the motion segment. The exact relations among disc degeneration, facet joint osteoarthritis, and the kinematics of the motion segment are not well defined in the literature. Magnetic resonance imaging and functional radiography of the lumbar spine were analyzed to examine the(More)
PURPOSE To compare the degree of stretching of sarcomeres--in the medial gastrocnemius versus the tibialis anterior--acutely extended by tibial lengthening. METHODS The right lower legs of 6 New Zealand White rabbits were acutely distracted by 6.3 mm using an external fixator, whereas the left lower legs served as controls. Immediately after distraction,(More)
BACKGROUND Although the measurement site at L4-L5 for visceral adipose tissue (VAT) has been commonly accepted, some researchers suggest that additional upper sites (i.e., L1-L2 and L2-L3) are useful for estimating VAT volume. Therefore, determining the optimum measurement site remains challenging and has become important in determining VAT volume. We(More)
OBJECT Ventriculomegaly is a common imaging finding in many types of conditions. It is difficult to determine whether it is related to true hydrocephalus or to an atrophic process by using only imaging procedures such as MR imaging after traumatic injury, stroke, or infectious disease. Diffusion tensor (DT) imaging can distinguish the compression(More)
Information is lacking in the literature on the precise anatomy of the iliolumbar ligament and its individual differences. The morphologic pattern, length, and width of the iliolumbar ligament were determined in 56 embalmed lumbosacral spines from human cadavers. It was possible to classify the iliolumbar ligament into two groups: Type A (74 ligaments), in(More)
Previous imaging studies have shown little difference in the degree of disc degeneration between L4-L5 and L5-S1. We hypothesized that because the morphology of the iliolumbar ligament affects the stability of the lumbosacral junction, then it could determine the lower lumbar disc degeneration. Fifty-three male and 47 female patients were classified into(More)
PURPOSE We investigated and identified postmortem changes on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain to provide accurate diagnostic guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS Our subjects were 16 deceased patients (mean age 57 years) who underwent postmortem computed tomography (CT), MRI, and autopsy, the latter of which showed no abnormalities in the brain.(More)
Mild encephalitis/encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion (MERS) is a clinico-radiological syndrome with a very particular clinical course. Three patients with MERS were evaluated by various sequences of magnetic resonance imaging with diffusion tensor imaging. Initial diffusion-weighted imaging showed reduction in the apparent diffusion(More)