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Membrane fusion between host cells and HIV-1 is the initial step in HIV-1 infection, and plasma membrane fluidity strongly influences infectivity. In the present study, we demonstrated that GUT-70, a natural product derived from Calophyllum brasiliense, stabilized plasma membrane fluidity, inhibited HIV-1 entry, and down-regulated the expression of CD4,(More)
The anti-HIV-1 activity of GUT-70, a natural product derived from the stem bark of Chlophyllum brasiliense, was evaluated. GUT-70 inhibited HIV-1 replication in both acutely and chronically infected cells through suppression of NF-κB. Our results strengthen the idea that NF-κB pathway is one of the potential targets to control HIV-1 replication and that(More)
PURPOSE Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) or cancer of the biliary tract is heterogeneous; however, chronic inflammatory-related features are unique in CCA. Moreover, the genes involved in proteasome functions are evidently increased in CCA. Hence, CCA might be vulnerable to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stressors, particularly a proteasome inhibitor. Therefore,(More)
The first social experiment program in Japan to reduce domestic wastewater pollutant discharge by "soft interventions" in households has been conducted in the Yamato-gawa River drainage area since 2005. The Yamato-gawa River has been listed as one of the worst water quality rivers in Japan because of the larger annual average BOD. "Hard interventions"(More)
Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a subtype of aggressive and chemotherapy-resistant non-Hodgkin lymphoma that occurs predominantly in patients with advanced AIDS. In this study, we examined the antitumor activity of methyl-β-cyclodextrin (M-β-CyD) in vitro and in vivo. M-β-CyD quickly induced caspase-dependent apoptosis in PEL cells via cholesterol(More)
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a unique liver cancer subtype with an increasing incidence globally. The lack of specific symptoms and definite diagnostic markers results in a delayed diagnosis and disease progression. Systemic chemotherapy is commonly selected for advanced CCA even though its advantages remain unknown. Targeted therapy, especially(More)
Autophagy plays a crucial role in cancer cell survival and the inhibition of autophagy is attracting attention as an emerging strategy for the treatment of cancer. Chloroquine (CQ) is an anti-malarial drug, and is also known as an inhibitor of autophagy. Recently, it has been found that CQ induces cancer cell death through the inhibition of autophagy;(More)
Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a subtype of aggressive and resistant non-Hodgkin lymphoma that occurs predominantly in patients with advanced AIDS. In this study, we examined the antitumor activity of zoledronic acid (Zol)-induced Vγ9Vδ2 T cells against PEL cells in vitro and in vivo. Vγ9Vδ2 T cells recognized endogenous mevalonate metabolites and(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, the critical role of CD47 on the surface of resistant cancer cells has been proposed in their evasion of immunosurveillance. Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a subtype of aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma that shows serous lymphomatous effusion in body cavities, especially in advanced acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). PEL is(More)
Enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) expressing Balb/c nude mice strain with Rag-2 and Jak3 double mutants (Nude-R/J-EGFP mice) was established to improve the take rate of human tumors and to distinguish tumor and host cells. EGFP was ubiquitously expressed in all organs including the brain, lung, liver, heart, kidney, spleen, and gastrointestinal(More)